Ben Greenfield Fitness: Diet, Fat Loss and Performance

Free exercise, nutrition, weight loss, triathlon and wellness advice from BenGreenfieldFitness.com! Tune in to the latest health, fitness and multi-sport research, non run-of-the-mill interviews with exercise and medicine professionals, and new cutting-edge content from the top personal trainer and wellness coach in the nation. Exercise, eat, swim, bike, run and live better. Go to BenGreenfieldFitness.com for the incredibly useful shownotes and for ALL episodes in our archives and the handy-dandy phone app, visit BenGreenfieldFitness.com/premium! This podcast includes fitness, nutrition, health, diet, wellness, workout, exercise, triathlon, Ironman, swimming, cycling, running, weight lifting, bodybuilding, Crossfit, Paleo, vegan, vegetarian, muscle gain and fat loss advice from America's top personal trainer.

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Ben Greenfield Fitness: Diet, Fat Loss and Performance

Bonus Episode: Brief Words Of Wisdom, Introspection & Insight From Ben Greenfield.

Lately, I've been thinking quite a bit about life. I've been engaged in some deep introspection and self-inspection, which I think is healthy for everyone to do on a regular basis. In this case, I was forced into this exercise of self-examination, and into a state of extreme humbleness and ego dissolution when I failed to complete a recent event. See, during the Train to Hunt National Championships in Colorado, I came down with an extremely high heart rate, dizziness, extreme fatigue, and an inability to simply put one foot in front of the other. This was likely a combination of pushing myself too hard lately (in both work and travel), along with mild jet lag from having just returned from Europe, the 9700 foot altitude of the race that I hadn't had a chance to prepare for, and a cluster of other emotional factors (feeling guilty about being away from my kids again, missing my wife, feeling too distant from my company Kion) that basically left me dropping out of the race, and lying in my hotel room bed for about twelve hours, barely able to sleep, staring at the ceiling, and thinking generally about life. This is what I posted on Instagram about it. It wretched my heart to have to drop out of the Train To Hunt National Championships competition this weekend. Although I didn't wake up feeling 100% I never imagined I wouldn't make it through the day. I am a firm believer in the sage wisdom that "Pain Is Temporary, But Quitting Lasts Forever". And I've only ever had one DNF in my life. However, in this case in very high altitude and extreme heat, my body and brain were sending me every signal that I needed to hit the brakes hard - shortness of breath, very high heart rate, numb hands and feet, extreme dizziness - the works. Feeling like this, I made it through the first several hours of the competition, but realized at that point I needed to live to fight another day. I never like it when I can't "represent" on the field of battle the way I should be able to, but I know when I need to stop before I do lasting damage. Don't worry, I'll be back in action soon! A post shared by Ben Greenfield (@bengreenfieldfitness) on Jul 15, 2019 at 9:16pm PDT As I lay there with a journal, a bottle of water, and a plate of kiwi fruit (about all I could find that was healthy to eat in the local area), I had some interesting thoughts that I think you may find valuable for your own life, and give you deeper insight into where I'm coming from, and where I plan to go in the future. Now one thing that you need to understand is that I'm a fan of personality tests. It's something that we are actually very big on at Kion: everyone takes an Enneagram,and my personal Enneagram score puts me in a very, very high category of a what's called a Perfectionist (type 1)and an Achiever (type 3). That is a pretty dang dangerous one-two combo (or I suppose in this case, a one-three combo) because, as you can imagine, this causes me to expect a lot of myself in every task that I attempt to perform while simultaneously taking on a lot of tasks all at once. That's an exhausting combination that in many people can lead to burnout, into spinning too many plates at once, and into trying to do everything that you're doing (which is often too many things) perfectly. This means that you do everything with near-perfect precision but have zero time left over for relaxation, for hobbies, for family, or for self-care, or... ...perfection becomes impossible to sustain, projects begin to decline in quality, and all those plates you're spinning crash to the ground, then eventually you crash to the ground too. In addition, the Achiever personality type on the Enneagram dictates that one who fits that profile tends to try to be who others expect them to be, or at least who they think that others expect them to be. As a matter of fact, the direct quote from the Enneagram is that... ..."in the headlong rush to achieve whatever they believe will make them that more valuable, Achievers can become so alienated from themselves that they no longer know what they truly want or what their real feelings are. Thus, the deeper problem is that their search for a way to be of value increasingly takes them further away from their own essential self with its core of real value. Step-by-step, their own inner core - their heart's desire - is left behind until they no longer recognize it." Now that problem, combined with the perfectionist mentality, can create a person who tries very, very hard to seek the approval of others, to be perfect, to try to be someone they're not and to neglect what makes them truly happy. And frankly, I feel like I've begun to slip into that scenario myself. That's not to say it's wrongto want to achieve excellence in things. Nor is it to say it's wrongto want to achieve great things in life and create a lasting impact. Indeed, when steered in the right direction in a state of true authenticity and also a state that enables one to accept the fact that they cannot be perfect, one can go on to achieve great things as an Achiever and a Perfectionist. But in my case what I've done to myself is this: I've built constant 24/7 pressure to do many things all at once - to be fit as a fiddle for my next event, to be a CEO of a massively expanding supplements company, to complete a huge book, to be on an airplane nearly every week to give a speech, to juggle podcast appearances, podcast production, article writing, article editing, to maintain attempts to write fiction and make music simultaneously, to coach ten different executives and CEOs and athletes who rely on me for advice, and to try to fit in time with family and spiritual growth in the process. For example, take the constant pressure I place on myself to be on the "pointy-edge" of fitness. In the past, I have told others (I think in partial error) that in order to drive you to be motivated to be fit, you must always be signed up for something that slightly scares you, pushes you to the cliff edge of fear, or challenges you while pushing you far outside your comfort zone?and while this can be healthy, in some cases it can backfire. In my case this means, that I'm finding myself no longer able to travel and spend time with my family without waking up an hour early to crush the gym, to sit in a movie without feeling like I should be out training, to enjoy life without simply thinking about whether or not I'll be ready to represent on the starting line of a race, and to do just about anything without the thought at the back of my mind that I need to be that perfect person who inspires others to greatness and must be able to perform at the drop of a hat. It's been that way for a long time. Whether I'm competing in tennis tournaments, bodybuilding, water polo, volleyball, cycling, triathlons, obstacle course races or anything else, there's never really been a time since I was thirteen years old that I haven't had some type of event I was preparing for, or that I haven't worn the mask of an athlete, a competitor, a gladiator, or a warrior. In addition to feeling the pressure to be fit for the next event, I often also feel that I need to project the perfect person to the world: the perfect skin with no crow's eyes and no suspicion from anyone that anything I'm doing in the anti-aging department isn't working, the perfect six-pack abs, rippling muscles, extreme fitness and everything that I've grown to define myself as... ...because I'm under the impression that that's who the world expects me to be. To dig myself even deeper into that while all my bios, and all the information about me you can find on the internet, or when I'm getting up on stage to speak, are not focused on whether I'm smart or intelligent or witty or studious or any of those things that I try to try to maintain and pride myself on, but instead: what sets this guy apart is that he's the Ironman triathlete, the masochistic globetrotting adventurer, and the man who's able to handle any physical obstacle. I truly feel like that has dug me into this hole of needing to be that person?that hard-charging, high-achieving CEO with the chiseled chin who can handle anything life throws at them and simultaneously kick your ass in a 10K, triathlon, the gym, or anywhere else. Well, let me tell you something: that's exhausting to constantly be that person, and I often feel like I'm a failure if I'm notachieving. I feel like I'm a failure if I'm just lying around reading a work of fiction or watching a movie with my children. In that scenario, I feel as though I'm somehow shorting myself and not being that person who I'm called to be. And sure there's somewisdom to that: there's somewisdom to the idea that you don't want to laze around and spend your time unwisely; but at the same time that mentality can be taken to the extreme, and it can very much affect those around you because they sense that what you'd rather be doing is figuring out a way to make yourself even more perfect and go out and achieve even more. But what's interesting is when I wrote my entire Lifebooklast year?a book that dictated everything I hold dear in life, the mark I want to make upon the world, what will be written on my tombstone, and much more?frankly, being an extreme athlete wasn't really a big part of that book. Sure, I did include the fact that I think it's important that I occasionally go out and engage in challenging adventures like climbing a mountain or swimming in an icy cold river or doing something that makes me a little bit physically uncomfortable?and I think that's fine. However, I think that my life has become skewed much too far in that direction, and the other elements of my Lifebook that I dictated that I hold dear?such as being in a community and forming close friends and building quality relationships and spending more time with my children and immersing myself in nature and building my spiritual self?have been allowed to fall by the wayside because there simply isn't enough time to do all that and also push my body to the absolute limits with exercise, travel, and work. It's a vicious cycle, isn't it? Race, achieve, project the perfect person, post that person to Instagram, rinse, wash, repeat.  But when I stop and ask myself: what do I really want? What do I really want?And even more importantly, what would God want of me? Well, in this stage of my life, after a deep amount of introspection the past couple days, I can especially tell you that, in addition to simply spending more time with my children, with my wife, and forming deep, meaningful relationships with other people, I want the following... ...I want to be more present in my local community: I want to know my neighbor's names, I want to attend events in my local community, and I don't want to feel like I have to hop on a plane or go to a conference or go to a mastermind or go to a meet-up in order to be with my friends. Instead, I want to build ties and roots in my local community... ...furthermore, I want to be able to help people without feeling rushed. I want to be able to find out about, for example, an opportunity to go play my guitar at a nursing home or go volunteer at a park cleanup, or go help out at my church, or go do other things that involve helping others?and not look at my calendar and think "Well crap, I can't do that because I've stretched myself too thin, I'm busy and I'm in some other state, some other country, or some other nation far from my home." I'm not saying that I don't want to still travel the world and help people and use the platform that God has given me in that way to affect global change in people's lives when it comes to their health and fitness and longevity and spirituality and happiness?but again, there's an imbalance. I have almost no ties in my local community... ...I want to spend more time in nature, but not time in nature as a workout or time in nature being crushed in a race. I just want to be able to go out and learn more of plants, of plant medicine, of hunting, of tracking, of trekking, of building with my hands, of spending time in sunshine and fresh air and water because I want to and not because I'm there to run intervals or to post an Instagram story about how good I am at wild edible identification. Instead, I want to be able to enjoy nature for the simple sake of nature... ...I want to participate in sports without the feeling that everything has to be a workout. I want to play tennis like I did when I was a kid for hours, where I was just hitting balls and having fun with my friends. I want to be able to swim and hike and even lift weights and go to the gym, which I love to do, but without the pressure of it needing to be an absolute sufferfest because I have some event I'm supposed to be in peak physical fitness for... ...I want to care for my spirit and build my spiritual muscles in the same way I've built my physical body. I want to wake up in the morning and know that I have the time to pray and to meditate, to grow more deeply in my relationship to God, to memorize Scriptures, and even to fast. I've said this before, but there are many times when I want to fast and I want to to take care of my body in that way (almost as a religious practice), but can't because, yet again, I must dump calories down the hatch to be ready for the next workout and to get me fueled for the next hardcore masochistic event... ...I want to have the freedom, flexibility, and time to be able to devote focused, deep work and excellence into building my company Kion, and not feel as though it's a rushed afterthought because there are so many other items on my plate or because I feel like my company expects me to be out working out or buffeting my body so I can go be the big, perfect frontman face of the company. I want to build a company that will change the world, and me running around in the forest with my shirt off throwing spears at shit isn't really a sustainable, scalable way to make that happen, no matter how many likes it gets on social media to drive traffic to a product... ...and finally, I want to do what I know truly makes me happy and has made me happy since I was a child. I want to write and play more music and I want to write and read more fiction. Both of those things are elements that I draw a great deal of happiness out of, and that might sound selfish, but I want to create music that makes people happy. I want to write books that tell the hero's journey and inspire people. And I don't want every piece of content I create to be about the next injectable anti-aging molecule or pill you can pop or biohacked workout, but instead perhaps just a nice story about a princess, an elf, and a dragon that makes children smile. So when I close my eyes and I see myself five years from now, I've achieved that balance. I have friends and relationships and local community and volunteering and time with my family. I have a deep relationship with every plant in my backyard and the acreage around my house and I actually know the names of all our Nigerian dwarf goats and I help my wife with planting the garden and tending to the fruit trees. I'm still enjoying physically challenging events, and I'm still a healthy human specimen, but not in the way I've been doing it?not as a hardcore athlete, but instead as someone who enjoys physical culture because it makes them feel good, not because they have the pressure to perform. I want to transition from being an athlete to being a mentor, a teacher, and a well-rounded person who enjoys and has time for other aspects of life. I'm telling you all this so that you can simply know my position, so that you can know where I'm coming from, and so that as you see me evolve over the next several months and years, you can realize that I still have a deep desire to explore the depths of performance and fitness and health and longevity and biohacking and beyond, but in a balanced manner that doesn't turn me into a person who is simply sitting on a plane, lonely and banging out yet another article on biceps and abs while I travel to a conference to speak to a group of people and foster the relationships I've built afar because I don't have any back home. I simply can't take the pressure of being that perfect person any longer, and I realized that the pressure that I've placed upon myself to climb Mount Everest every day is not truly making me happy. I don't want to be that alpha male with the yin dominance and huge bank account, but with tired eyes and a wife and children who resent him. I don't want to be full of sadness or regret on my deathbed because in the end I really just made a lot of money and did some hard things but never actually built a lasting, meaningful legacy, changed people's souls, made my family happy, or took time myself to smell the roses and savor life.   So I'm in a transitional phase. Yes there are certain obligations that I have committed to this year such as competing in some obstacle course races and doing some physically challenging events; but after that, I really truly want to focus more on simply enjoying life with far less of the extreme pressure and on building a platform of balanced health, longevity, adventure, joy, and fulfillment in life for myself and for others. And that's why I've created this article for you: so that you can understand where I'm coming from and perhaps so that you can learn a few things about yourself in the process. So I thank you for reading all this. I hope it's given you a little bit of perspective on who I am and where I'm coming from and where I plan to go. Feel free to leave any of your own questions, comments, feedback, wisdom and insight below. 
00:17:24 7/21/2019

Past Episodes

Q&A Episode 399 Have a podcast question for Ben? Click the button at the bottom of the page (or go to SpeakPipe), or use the Contact button in the free Ben Greenfield Fitness app. Click here for some tips on how to have the best chance of having your question featured on the show. - The morning brew recipe Ben mentions in intro: Alright, this recipe is fully loaded fuel that tastes like ambrosia of the gods. I tried it out this morning and my brain has been humming along quite nicely since about 5am. Here's the full recipe (yeah, you need plenty of ingredients, but it's worth it). Into a Nutribullet or any other heat-friendly blender, add the following: - 2 heaping tablespoons of MiCacao mix (this is a mix of cacao nibs and cacao shells that gives you the experience of drinking pure chocolate with no calories) - 2 packets Four Sigmatic Chaga mushroom extract - 2 packets Four Sigmatic Lion's Mane extract - 1 dropperful Omica Organics butterscotch toffee stevia - 1 teaspoon of a good salt (I used Colima salt) - 12-16 piping hot ounces of Kion Coffee Blend on high for about 90 seconds, then open your blender carefully as contents can expand and get foamy (and the foam is oh-so-delicious). I may or may not have also put 0.5 grams of psilocybin extract into this mix, but that's your call. ;) Bon appetit! News Flashes...5:30 Turns out a very low carb diet doesn't seem to impair high-end exercise performance but there are SO many variables to this that I'll unpack in next podcast. If you are eating a very low carbohydrate diet and also limiting calories for the goals of weight loss, this study shows that you sure as heck better also be lifting weights. It's so ridiculous how the media thinks "fasting" is a newfangled eating disorder. They should read this. Interesting! A new review looks into the optimum exercise intensity, type, and duration for boosting mood. Special Announcements...28:45 - Click here to follow Ben on Instagram, and get ready for some epic stories about his morning, day and evening routine!  Here's Where Ben Is Speaking And Traveling Around The World Coming Soon - August 3-4, 2019: Colorado Rockies Ultra, Beast, and Sprint Weekend -  Aspen, CO. The mountains are calling! High in the peaks of the Rocky Mountains, team members from my company, Kion and I will be experiencing the immense beauty of Colorado while conquering climbs, crawls, carries, and traverses. We hope to see you there! Sign up here! - September 12 - 15, 2019: RUNGA Immersion, Napa Valley, California. I attend this total mind-body reboot retreat each year with my wife, Jessa, to connect with a handful of friends and YOU can be one of them! I would love if you could join me at this retreat. Click here for details on this incredible event! - September 27 - 29, 2019: Spartan World Championships, Squaw Valley, California. Right beside Lake Tahoe, this epic venue was once host to the 1960 Olympic Winter Games. Join me there for the greatest obstacle course race in North Tahoe Lake, Olympic Village, CA. Sign up here! - View Ben's Calendar Here This Podcast Is Brought To You By - Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. - Thrive Market: Organic brands you love, for less. Your favorite organic food and products. Fast and free shipping to your doorstep. Receive 25% off your order when you use my link! - Native: Native creates safe, simple, effective products that people use in the bathroom everyday. Count on trusted ingredients and trusted performance. Shop at my link and save 20% off your first purchase when you use discount code: BEN Listener Q&A Is Fasting Dangerous For Lean Females? Jenny asks: You've mentioned on the podcast that fasting doesn't always work well for lean females. So should lean females like myself avoid fasting altogether? Or is there a fasting protocol you would recommend that will have a positive impact on my health? In my response, I recommend: A recent tweet: Intermittent fasting + resistance training IS effective fat loss strategy for females but they did not analyze long term effects on endocrine system, thyroid function, etc.: Get Fit Guy's Guide To Achieving Your Ideal Body Type KetoFast book by Joe Mercola (and my podcast with him) Jason Fung's "Complete Guide To Fasting" How Newborn Parents Can Sleep Better Jack asks: You mentioned in Q&A 398 about the physiological changes that occur in men when they become fathers. About a month ago, my wife gave birth to identical twin boys, and as you know, all sleep schedules go out the window. Do you have some tips to improve sleep quality when I'm bound to be waking up every 2-3 hours during the night? In my response, I recommend: Sleepstream App NuCalm  (use code: BEN500 for $500 off  for the Performance and the Pro) Yoga Nidra Modafinil Qualia Mind or Qualia Focus Short frequent bursts of exercise or endurance, aerobic exercise Rotate nights, not rotate feedings Blue light blockers (Ben recommends RA Optics) when you get up at night to feed Red incandescent bulbs CBD Vape Pen (BioCBD is good brand) C-Reactive Protein Levels and Tendinitis Jackie in Japan asks: Is it possible to have plantar fasciitis and full-blown achilles tendinitis in both feet and have a C-reactive protein level of .01-.03? In my response, I recommend: Mention chronic vs. acute Kion Flex How Far From Your Body Should Infrared Light Be? Darryl asks: How close to my body should I put the JOOVV Go? The manual says it should be 2-6", but I oftentimes will put it directly on my skin to help heal an injury and it seems to be just fine. I also heard you say in a previous podcast that your wife puts the device on her face. Can you give some guidance on how close is too close? In my response, I recommend: JOOVV Lights Giveaways & Goodies - This week's top iTunes review - gets some BG Fitness swag straight from Ben - click here to leave your review for a chance to win some! ------------------------------------------ Prior to asking your question, do a search in the upper right-hand corner of this website for the keywords associated with your question. Many of the questions we receive have already been answered here at Ben Greenfield Fitness! -----------------------------------------------------
01:21:20 7/19/2019
In this podcast, recorded during the Swiss Clinic retreat that I led in the Swiss Alps two weeks ago, we cover a host of questions from attendees. Strap yourself in and prepare for this massive Q&A that includes the following: -Are you increasing mTOR by taking Kion Aminos throughout the day vs. around a workout? [6:25] 1 gram of amino acids = 1 gram of protein Any protein can be anabolic Exercising with 10 g of aminos is more effective than in a pure fasted state -What are the best protocols for eliminating heavy metals and toxins, and how do you measure success? [10:20] Process vs. Event. Daily detox is far more effective than a yearly or quarterly The Longevity Diet by Dr. Valter Longo Ben's Kitchari recipe BGF podcast with Dr. Dan Pompa BGF podcast with Dr. Satchin Panda Ben's personal protocol Sauna treatment everyday Coffee enema weekly Rebounder and vibration platform Biggest detox organ is the skin Mass spectrometry Onegevity NutrEval by Genova Diagnostics GI Effects 3 day gut test Wellness FX Once in a Lifetime Genetic Test Tree of Life BGF podcast w/ Dr. Kharim Dhanani Microbiome analysis: Viome or Onegevity -How to find relief from exercise-induced rhinitis [18:40] HistaBlock Avoid dairy -Is there a threshold between the sympathetic and parasympathetic state? [21:30] There is no threshold Autonomic nervous system sends signal to the heart via vagus nerve Good balance between the two dictates the vagus nerve communication with the heart will be clear High HRV is indicative of healthy balance between sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems Breath work is highly efficacious -What is the latest science on carnivore, ketogenic, vegan diets? [28:15] There is no one "perfect" diet to follow; it's highly individualized Be aware of your ancestry and adjust your diet accordingly Periods of caloric restriction are very beneficial Ben does a Kitchari cleanse 4x per year -How dangerous are WiFi, cellular, 5G signals? [35:15] BGF podcast w/ Nick Pineault The Non-Tinfoil Guide to EMF's by Nick Pineault BGF podcast w/ building biologist Brian Hoyer Shielded Healing dirty electricity filters Will humans evolve to tolerate these hazards? BluShield signal scrambling device Acoustimeter Holding your phone makes you a conductor of EMF Phase Angle (recommended by Dr. Mercola) Defender Shield bluetooth device Yur Buds (amazon) -Ben's thoughts on vaping, particularly CBD [47:25] -Ben's thoughts on the Viome results recently discussed on the podcast [49:35] BGF podcast on Ben's Viome test results Kion Flex is being reformulated When eating at a steak house: HistaBlock Kion Lean Gluten Guardian (4) Charcoal capsules before bed -What is the cause of low ferritin? [57:06] High ferritin is usually the concern Look at diet adjustments High red blood cell turnover Ferritin pyrophosphate - Floradix (link) Increasing intake of iron could be risky for men -How does one know they're ready to begin the process of detoxification from heavy metals and toxins? [1:00:20] -What is a MTHFR gene mutation and should anyone care? [1:04:00] Dirty Genes by Dr. Ben Lynch Stratagene, Dr. Lynch's company Impaired metabolism It would affect a supplementation protocol -What has piqued Ben's interest in the realm of anti-aging [1:06:40] Nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD) Deuterium depleted water BGF podcast w/ Robert Slovak of Water and Wellness Auto immune control Mistletoe extract (link) Keto, CBD, infrared light Hyperthermia Awareness of mitochondrial health Mitigation of EMF Stem cell treatments -Ben's thoughts on Carbon 60 [1:13:30] An upcoming podcast will be on the topic -Should fats be combined with starches? [1:16:00] Potential oxidation of cholesterol Formation of lipopolysaccharides -How can skinny guys gain muscle mass? [1:20:15] Similar to a body builder's approach (stronger by science) Dan John's 18 Week protocol Creatine (link) Peptides -What kind of massages Ben recommends [1:24:55] Deep tissue massage is very beneficial; injury-free Every Wednesday, 2.5 hr. massage Essential oils Music w/ healing frequencies Essential Oil Wizardry BGF podcast w/ Dr. Nick Berry -What do you recommend to enhance recovery from exercise and recovery from injury?...1:28:30 BPC 157 and TB500 peptides Amino acids PEMF therapy Infrared sauna JOOVV light Water and non-weight bearing exercise Magnesium bath salts Fasting (with caution) -Is airplane mode on our cell phones safe, or should we turn them off completely while we're sleeping? [1:32:25] -What can parents do for their pre-teen children to become strong and healthy young adults? [1:33:45] Unschooling to University by Judy Arnall John Holt Free to Learn by Peter Gray -And much more... Resources mentioned in this episode: - The Longevity Diet by Dr. Valter Longo - Ben's Kitchari recipe - BGF podcast with Dr. Dan Pompa - BGF podcast with Dr. Satchin Panda - HistaBlock - The Non-Tinfoil Guide to EMF's by Nick Pineault - BGF podcast w/ Nick Pineault - BGF podcast w/ building biologist Brian Hoyer - Shielded Healing dirty electricity filters - Acoustimeter - BGF podcast on Ben's Viome test results - Dirty Genes by Dr. Ben Lynch - Stratagene, Dr. Lynch's company - BGF podcast w/ Robert Slovak of Water and Wellness - Dan John's 18 Week protocol - Essential Oil Wizardry - BGF podcast w/ Dr. Nick Berry - Unschooling to University by Judy Arnall - Free to Learn by Peter Gray Episode sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Organifi Green Juice: Now you can get all your healthy superfoods in one glass...with No Shopping, No Blending, No Juicing, and No Cleanup. Get a 20% discount on your entire order when you use discount code: BENG20 -Fresh Pressed Olive Oil: Olive oil direct from the harvest gives you peak flavor and maximum polyphenols. Try a retail-size, $39 bottle of Fresh Pressed Olive Oil that retails for just $1 to help cover shipping costs. -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn't just our slogan, it's a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order, PLUS free shipping on any order over $99 when you use discount code: BENG. Got a question or comment for me regarding the content of this episode? Leave a reply below and I'll reply!  
01:42:28 7/17/2019
When it comes to diet, water, medicine, awareness, nature immersion, movement, hormesis, community, and ancestral technologies, not many folks know quite as much as my guest on today's show: Arthur Haines. Arthur is a Maine hunting and recreation guide, forager, ancestral skills mentor, author, public speaker, and botanical researcher. He grew up in the western mountains of Maine, a rural area that was home to swift streams known for their trout fishing. He spent most of his childhood in the Sandy River Valley hiking, tracking, and foraging. Arthur now runs the Delta Institute of Natural History in Canton, Maine, where he teaches human ecology, focusing on the values of foraging, wildcrafting medicine, and primitive living skills. His series of YouTube videos has inspired thousands of people interested in foraging wild edible and medicinal plants. Arthur recently authored a very big book that I thoroughly enjoyed, entitled "A New Path: To Transcend the Great Forgetting Through Incorporating Ancestral Practices into Contemporary Living". This guide is a comprehensive work on nature connection and rewilding, detailing how to incorporate ancestral practices into modern living. During our discussion, you'll discover: -The criteria by which humans have become "domesticated"...7:38 Altered temperament -- milder than in the natural state Cows originated from aurochs (now extinct), which were very fierce Altered social hierarchy (establish that humans are in authority) Our ancestors lived a more egalitarian lifestyle than we do today Altered diet  Diet today is far different, oftentimes poorer in quality The ability to breed in captivity Humans consider pregnancy/giving birth to be an ailment 99% are institutionalized; take moms out of their most comfortable habitat Arthur maintains that humans display all of the above traits of domesticated animals -How fit were our hunter/gatherer ancestors...14:00 Very active lifestyle out of necessity, depending on resource density Micmac people (still exist in N. America) estimated to travel over a million acre home range over the course of a year What we travel on foot today is a fraction of that 10k steps a day would be close to the average of hunter/gatherers (5-10 miles per day) Arthur does not engage in any type of self-quantification Draw weight of bows among our ancestors: The more energy required to bend the bow, the more energy can be imparted to the arrow Most bows today are ~50 lb. draw Bows of hunter/gatherers were much higher; ~70 lb. The highest recorded were over 130 lbs. -The calorie consumption and burn of our ancestors, contrasted with the modern office worker...23:40 Recent studies have conflicting results; some say it's the same, others say it's far less today Humans tend to be bigger today than in ancestral times; results in more calorie expenditure Hunter/gatherers spent far more calories moving Calorie expenditure today due to complexity of the food Diversity of movement in ancestral times is lost in the modern gym or fitness center -Arthur's personal fitness or movement routine...29:40 Lots of walking; humans are meant to walk with episodes of running Paddling or carrying canoes Grains are milled by hand "Active lifestyle with bouts of athleticism" Brazilian jiu jitsu 1-2 times per week High Intensity Repetitive Training, HIRT (was mentioned in Q&A 398) Moving a killed animal over terrain "True cross fit" training can be found in everyday life, particularly in hunting -How indigenous diets fit within the context of the modern ketogenic or carnivore diets...42:00 Be aware of biological norms 97% of our time on the earth has been as hunter/gatherers Homo sapiens have been shown to be as old as 315,000 years Domesticated human diet for just a short time Wild plants were a huge component of their diets (~60%) Ancestors were not in ketosis on a regular basis Low carb diet is a "new" diet It is efficacious in treating things like epilepsy, not so much as a weight-loss strategy -Arthur's thoughts on the carnivore diet as a sustainable lifestyle choice...51:48 No group of people in history have ever been pure vegetarians Some have eaten mostly meat due to necessity Plants can't be grown due to climate/terrain, etc. However, they would gather plants in large quantities when available Large proportion of Vitamin C would come from plants Diet can be an actual therapy; drugs just cover the symptoms Plants can help us fight off the deleterious aspects of nature (sun exposure, toxins in the air, etc. BGF podcast about the book "Nourishment" by Fred Provenza BGF podcast with Dr. Paul Saladino -How the variety of species of plants that we currently consume compares to what our ancestors would have eaten...1:00:40 Plants are edible for a finite amount of time in the wild; a natural protective mechanism as a result Hypotensive and hypertensive compounds in the same plant; certain suites of plants win out depending on the person Average # of plants consumed by American diet is 30, Many of them are only one species; ex. collards, Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kale, are the brassica oleracea species No real diversity in the diet Inupiat people have been documented to ingest 40+ different plant foods; more than the average American diet Over 100 foods in warmer climates -How the micronutrient or vitamin content in modern produce compares to wild plants...1:05:00 Stark contrast between wild and cultivated Minerals Vitamins Sometimes up to 100x more than what we find in the store Small berries have more skin; large berries are counterproductive Dillution effect: Individual fruits end up with lower mineral content than what's found in the wild Are backyard gardens wild or cultivated plants? Difference in genetics of most cultivated species Lettuce has been tampered with; it's more bitter in the wild Difference between organic and conventional (sprayed) produce When we tend plants, they don't need to work as hard to protect themselves Seedless grapes don't have nearly the same nutritional value More fiber in wild foods than in cultivated "Minimally modified plant foods" means eating closer to the wild What about grains? What is making the grains we consume today bad for us? Evidence of grain consumption up to 105,000 years ago Stone ovens that are 30,000 years old Diversify, properly prepare, choose the right type of grains Jared Diamond's book "Collapse" -Ancestral skills Arthur believes fully re-wilded modern humans should have...1:22:15 Hunter/gatherer is not a viable goal The entire goal is sovereignty: to lose  our dependence on industrial society Begin with recovering your health: diet, movement, exposure to toxins, etc. Don't worry about how much or how little you know Primitive living schools are becoming more common (avoid the prepper schools) -And much more Resources from this episode: -Book: A New Path: To Transcend the Great Forgetting Through Incorporating Ancestral Practices into Contemporary Living -Arthur's YouTube channel -ArthurHaines.com -My podcast with Katy Bowman -My podcast about the book "Nourishment" by Fred Provenza -My podcast with Dr. Paul Saladino -My latest podcast with Dr. Steven Gundry -Jared Diamond's book "Collapse" Episode Sponsors: -Kion: Join us on our 5-Day Meditation Challenge from 15-19 July! Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off their entire order at Kion when you use discount code: BGF10. -Organifi Gold: A new take on an ancient secret: Pain-soothing herbs, incredible antioxidants, and phytonutrients all in one delicious, soothing "Golden Milk" nighttime tea! Receive a 20% discount on your entire order when you use discount code: BENG20. -Clearlight Saunas: You can be sure that I researched all the saunas before I bought mine and Clearlight was the one that stood out from all the rest because of their EMF and ELF Shielding and their Lifetime Warranty. Use discount code: BENGREENFIELD to get $500 off your sauna and a free bonus gift! -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn't just our slogan, it's a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order, PLUS free shipping on any order over $99 when you use discount code: BENG. Do you have questions, comments or feedback for Arthur or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  
01:33:29 7/12/2019
Q&A Episode 398 Have a podcast question for Ben? Click the button at the bottom of the page (or go to SpeakPipe), or use the Contact button in the free Ben Greenfield Fitness app. Click here for some tips on how to have the best chance of having your question featured on the show! Ben's travels and extensive travel gear...1:42 lessemf.com Lambs radiation proof underwear RA Optics Pac Safe Theft and RFID preventing bags Hydrogen-rich water Activated charcoal Ample Keto Meal Replacement Shake EMF Portal mentioned News Flashes...15:00   -Top 12 keto myths debunked (WARNING - these studies were performed in diabetic patients NOT in active athletes)   -It's pretty shocking how many nutrition studies rely on self reported data when we KNOW people vastly underestimate the # of calories consumed: Click here to read up on it.   -This incredibly helpful portal summarizes all systematically scientific research data on the effects of electromagnetic fields (EMF) - with an inventory of 28,495 publications and 6,364 summaries of individual scientific studies on EMF, updated daily -Interesting - how men's bodies change when they become fathers   -The dark side of Tabata sets (and a potentially better alternative) Special Announcements...41:40 - Click here to follow Ben on Instagram, and get ready for some epic stories about his morning, day and evening routine! Here's where I'm speaking and traveling around the world coming soon. 13-14 July -- Train to Hunt nationals in Mesa, CO 27-28 July -- Race the River Sprint Triathlon in Couer d'Alene, ID 3-4 August - Aspen Snowmass Late September -- Spartan World Championships in Lake Tahoe, CA - View Ben's Calendar Here This podcast is brought to you by: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Thrive Market: Organic brands you love, for less. Your favorite organic food and products. Fast and free shipping to your doorstep. Receive 25% off your order when you use my link! -JOOVV: After using the Joovv for close to 2 years, it's the only light therapy device I'd ever recommend. Give it a try: you won't be disappointed. Order using my link and receive a nice bonus gift with your order! -Zip Recruiter: As your qualified candidates roll in, we make it easy to screen & rate them, allowing you to make the best hiring decisions for your business. Try it for free when you use my link! Listener Q&A: The Problem With Sunscreen (& What To Do About It)...55:15 Alex asks: There are a lot of claims from the sunscreen industry about its ability to reduce or remove the risk of skin cancer. From what I've seen, the rates of skin cancer have increased, as has the use of sunscreen. What are your thoughts on that, and what are some of your strategies in regards to using sunscreen? In my response, I recommend: -Article: Is Sunscreen The New Margarine? -EWG.org guide to sunscreens -Healthy sunscreen recipes -Superessentials fish oil with astaxanthin -Dr. Thomas Cowan's vegetable powders -A New Path book by Arthur Haines -Sunlight Makes You Skinny & Blue Light Makes You Fat: 11 Ways To Biohack Light To Optimize Your Body & Brain Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide Benefits...1:10:56 Steve asks: I've used the food-grade hydrogen peroxide in the One Minute Miracle every day for several years. I didn't hear you mention it on your recent water podcast, so I want to get your take on it. In my response, I recommend: -35% Food Grade Hydrogen Peroxide Does Hydrogen Rich Water Feed SIBO Bacteria?... Kathy asks: I've heard you talk a lot about hydrogen-rich water lately on the podcast. If someone has hydrogen-dominant SIBO (small intestine bacterial overgrowth), is hydrogen-rich water or the tablets going to be a good thing for them to ingest? In my response, I recommend: -Active H2 Molecular Hydrogen from Water & Wellness (Dr. Robert Slovak's website) -My podcast on hydrogen water with Tyler Lebaron -Drinking hydrogen water and intermittent hydrogen gas exposure... -Intestinal Microbiota Ecological Response to Oral Adminstrations of Hydrogen-Rich Water -Effects of the long-term consumption of hydrogen-rich water on the antioxidant activity in female Chinese soccer players Giveaways & Goodies - This week's top iTunes review - gets some BG Fitness swag straight from Ben - click here to leave your review for a chance to win some! ------------------------------------------ Prior to asking your question, do a search in the upper right-hand corner of this website for the keywords associated with your question. Many of the questions we receive have already been answered here at Ben Greenfield Fitness! -----------------------------------------------------  
01:32:25 7/10/2019
Click here for a downloadable PDF version of show notes for this episode.    The popular website Vice published a controversial article last week entitled "The Most Overhyped Wellness Promises, Debunked." Chock full of skepticism about keto, colonics, charcoal, and more, the article created plenty of buzz?both good and bad?across the internet... ...and in today's podcast, I'm going to address the Vice article in full, including debunking plenty of the BS that was in the article, presenting research-based facts about so-called wellness myths (including a few that will surprise, such as the truth about charcoal toothpaste and sea salt), and set the good folks at Vice right. Enjoy, and be sure to leave your own comments and feedback in the comments section below. You can find Part 1 of this series, where I debunked the first 22 "myths" found in the article here. Now, here are my responses to Myths 23-44: -Myth #23: Red yeast rice supplements aren't that effective at lowering cholesterol...7:08 Red Yeast Rice: Benefits, Side Effects and Dosage Contains monacolin K (same thing found in statins) Some forms don't contain doses as high as found in literature Can affect cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure Greater insulin insensitivity Prevented increases in cholesterol levels in rats Decreased tumor levels and cancer cell growth Red yeast rice supplements contain only trace amounts of monacolin K (check label carefully) -Myth #24: You should not eat your placenta...11:30 Placenta - Worth Trying? Human Maternal Placentophagy: Possible Benefit and Potential Risks Nutritional composition: whole host of vitamins, interesting hormonal profile Effective in treating depressive moods, post-partum depression Not much human clinical research verifying the efficacy of eating the placenta -Myth #25: Microwaves are not bad for you...15:38 The Two Sides of the Story: Is Microwave Radiation Harmful? Dehydrates, hurts the taste of food It may not be bad for your food, but it may be bad for you Non-native EMFs -Myth #26: Crystals do not store healing, stress-relieving energy...18:55 How Crystals Work: The Science of Crystal Healing LCD: Liquid Crystal Display Crystals contain quartz (cilica dioxide) Much of modern computing depends on crystals Marcel Vogel: Pioneer of crystal research Biology of Belief by Dr. Bruce Lipton Mind to Matter by Dr. Dawson Church No human clinical research on crystal's efficacy on healing and stress relief Himalayan Salt Lamp -Myth #27: You do not need a colonic to power-wash your intestines...24:20 Is a Colon Cleanse Actually Beneficial? What You Must Know... Can be helpful for some people Limited research to show its efficacy Need to repopulate the colon with a probiotic after a colonic hydrotherapy People feel amazing after the therapy; release of bile by the liver May be worth investigating if you have chronic constipation (after other resources have been exhausted) -Myth #28: Don't drink red wine because you think it's healthy...28:33 "I could probably do a whole podcast on the health benefits of red wine." --Ben Greenfield Contribution of Red Wine Consumption to Human Health Protection Resveratrol claims have been greatly exaggerated Blue zone inhabitants habitually drink red wine Blue Zones, by Dan Buettner Women are at lower risk for many health issues Good effects on cardiovascular system Beneficial for heart cells When wine paired with physical exercise, improve LDL to HDL ratios dramatically Beneficial effect on blood pressure The French Paradox: Lessons for Other Countries Fit Vine Wine (Use code: GREENFIELD for 10% off) BGF podcast w/ Todd White of Dry Farm Wines -Myth #29: Epsom salts don't relieve muscle pain...36:54 Pharmaceutical Influences of Epsom Salts | Insight Medical Publishing Sulfate ions may help in removing toxins and heavy metals from cells Ben uses magnesium sulfate salts, not Epsom salts Weekly bath in Epsom salts can support recovery, relaxation, sleep Vice is correct on the claim on muscle pain -Myth #30: You can't cure depression by working out...40:30 Can Exercise Prevent Depression? Here's What the Science Says | Time Magazine Exercise can protect against depression, but depression doesn't prevent someone from exercising Weightlifting and running increase blood to the brain Small amounts improve mental health (walking after a meal) Numerous studies contradict the claim from the vice  article -Myth #31: Meditation isn't always soothing...43:40 Meditation is a Powerful Mental Tool - And for Some People It Goes Terribly Wrong Some get hyper-aroused when they meditate; could be because of increase in mindfulness Can be avoided with proper instruction and preparation -Myth #32: Cryotherapy doesn't help your muscles recover...45:52 Whole-Body Cryotherapy Decreases the Levels of Inflammatory, Oxidative Stress Cold-water immersion is superior to whole-body cryotherapy; but cryotherapy is effective in muscle recovery May not see a marked improvement immediately after, but it does help in recovery -Myth #33: Food intolerance tests are based on shoddy science...48:28 Four Pillars of Excellence Ben agrees with this one! Cyrex Labs -Myth #34: Eating soy isn't going to give men boobs...50:48 Should Men Cut Back On their Soy Intake? Gynecomastia This myth is the result of one individual who claims his man boobs are the result of increased soy intake Eat fermented forms of soy Estrogeneration by Dr. Anthony Jay -Myth #35: The birth control pill does not cause breast cancer...53:33 GPR30 Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated With Gynecomastia Risk in Adolescents Oral Contraceptives and Breast Cancer: A Review of the Epidemiological Evidence With an Emphasis on Younger Women Study Finds Weak Link Between Birth Control and Breast Cancer New Study Finds Relationship Between Birth Control and Cancer -Myth #36: Hydrogen water isn't better water...58:20 What is Hydrogen Water? Benefits & Effects - SelfHacked Hydrogen affects 63 different diseases because of impact on free radicals, cells, etc. H2 safe for stroke patients Parkinson's patients show improvement Protective effect in the brain, specifically hippocampus Anti-inflammatory effects, and anti-oxidative effect Bottom line: Ben doesn't agree... -Myth #37: You don't need to work out on an empty stomach to lose fat...1:03:23 Fasting and Exercise: What Are the Benefits? Intermittent Fasting for Athletes: Benefits and Concerns This one is partly true, but you can definitely lose fat while working out on an empty stomach Possible decrease in testosterone Can affect muscle buildup -Myth #38: Vitamin IV drips don't do anything for healthy people...1:06:24 Ben agrees with this one IV Vitamin Therapy: Your Questions Answered BGF Podcast with Dr. Craig Koniver -Myth #39: The fat-burning effects of high-intensity interval workouts have been exaggerated...1:08:57 Fat Loss Showdown: Does HIIT or Steady State Cardio Burn More Fat? Study showed 3x greater fat loss in a HIIT regimen vs. steady state Post-exercise oxygen deficit Increase in metabolic rate that stays longer than steady state exercise HIIT may have appetite suppressing effect Ben agrees that some of the claims have been exaggerated, however HIIT is superior to steady state training -Myth #40: The concept of a "superfood" is misleading...1:12:04 Superfoods: Health Benefits, Uses and Risks Some "superfoods" have been blown out of proportion; however some foods are clearly more nutritious than others (blueberries vs. Oreos) -Myth #41: There's no reason for healthy people to avoid nightshades...1:14:40 Are Nightshade Vegetables Bad for You? An Evidence-Based Look Paleo auto-immune protocol -Myth #42: Celery juice won't cure your health problems...1:17:55 Ben agrees Celery Juice: Benefits and Myths Celery isn't bad for you, but its benefits are limited Any benefit is usually from the celery leaf, not the juice -Myth #43: You can lose weight without cutting carbs...1:21:07 Low-Fat vs. Low-Carb? Major Study Concludes: It Doesn't Matter for Weight Loss -Myth #44: There are no known health risks associated with eating genetically modified foods (GMOs)...1:24:00 Ben disagrees Research Exposes New Health Risks of Genetically Modified Mosquitoes and Salmon Ten Scientific Studies Prove that Genetically Modified Food Can Be Harmful to Human Health DNA from genetically modified crops have been shown to transfer to humans GMO cord has caused tumors in rats Glyphosate linked to birth defects and many more issues GMO risk assessment based on very little science recommendations Resources mention in this episode: - The article on vice.com mentioned throughout this series   - Red Yeast Rice: Benefits, Side Effects and Dosage   - Placenta - Worth Trying? Human Maternal Placentophagy: Possible Benefit and Potential Risks   - The Two Sides of the Story: Is Microwave Radiation Harmful?   - How Crystals Work: The Science of Crystal Healing   - Is a Colon Cleanse Actually Beneficial? What You Must Know...   - Contribution of Red Wine Consumption to Human Health Protection   - The French Paradox: Lessons for Other Countries   - Pharmaceutical Influences of Epsom Salts | Insight Medical Publishing   - Can Exercise Prevent Depression? Here's What the Science Says | Time   - Meditation is a Powerful Mental Tool - And for Some People It Goes Terribly Wrong   - Whole-Body Cryotherapy Decreases the Levels of Inflammatory, Oxidative Stress   - Four Pillars of Excellence   - Should Men Cut Back On their Soy Intake?   - GPR30 Gene Polymorphisms Are Associated With Gynecomastia Risk in Adolescents   - Oral Contraceptives and Breast Cancer: A Review of the Epidemiological Evidence With an Emphasis on Younger Women   - Study Finds Weak Link Between Birth Control and Breast Cancer   - New Study Finds Relationship Between Birth Control and Cancer   - What is Hydrogen Water? Benefits & Effects - SelfHacked   - Fasting and Exercise: What Are the Benefits?   - Intermittent Fasting for Athletes: Benefits and Concerns   - IV Vitamin Therapy: Your Questions Answered   - Fat Loss Showdown: Does HIIT or Steady State Cardio Burn More Fat?   - Superfoods: Health Benefits, Uses and Risks   - Are Nightshade Vegetables Bad for You? An Evidence-Based Look   - Celery Juice: Benefits and Myths   - Low-Fat vs. Low-Carb? Major Study Concludes: It Doesn't Matter for Weight Loss   - Research Exposes New Health Risks of Genetically Modified Mosquitoes and Salmon   - Ten Scientific Studies Prove that Genetically Modified Food Can Be Harmful to Human Health - Biology of Belief by Dr. Bruce Lipton - Mind to Matter by Dr. Dawson Church - Himalayan Salt Lamp - Blue Zones, by Dan Buettner - Fit Vine Wine (Use code: GREENFIELD for 10% off) - BGF podcast w/ Todd White of Dry Farm Wines - Cyrex Labs - Gynecomastia - Estrogeneration by Dr. Anthony Jay - BGF Podcast with Dr. Craig Koniver Episode sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Four Sigmatic: I've been using Four Sigmatic products for awhile now and I'm impressed by the efficacies of their mushroom products. I use them. I like them. I support the mission! Receive 15% off your Four Sigmatic purchase when you use discount code: BENGREENFIELD -ButcherBox: Delivers healthy 100% grass-fed and finished beef, free-range organic chicken, and heritage breed pork directly to your door on a monthly basis. All their products are humanely raised and NEVER given antibiotics or hormones. New subscribers will receive 6 burgers for FREE + $20 OFF their first box by going to butcherbox.com/ben -NetSuite: With NetSuite, you save TIME, MONEY, and UNNEEDED HEADACHES by managing sales, finance and accounting, orders, and HR instantly - right from your desktop or phone. Click my link and download the free guide: "Seven Key Strategies to Grow your Profits". Got questions, comments or feedback for me about anything I discussed in this episode? Leave a comment at https://bengreenfieldfitness.com/vicepodcast2, and I'll reply!  
01:29:52 7/5/2019
"The popular website Vice published a controversial article last week entitled "The Most Overhyped Wellness Promises, Debunked". Chock full of skepticism about Keto, colonics, charcoal, and more, the article created plenty of buzz - both good and bad - across the internet...   ...and in today's podcast, I'm going to address the article in full, including debunking plenty of the BS that was in the article, presenting research-based facts about so-called wellness myths (including a few that will surprise, such as the truth about charcoal toothpaste and sea salt), and set the good folks at Vice right.   Enjoy, and be sure to leave your own comments and feedback in the comments section below."   In this solosode, I'll break down the "myths" discussed in the article one by one... -Myth #1: Is pink Himalayan salt more nutritious than regular table salt?...9:47 90% of table salt is full of microplastics (have often been found in some sea salts) Downsides of Himalayan salt: Comes from Pakistan, sold cheaply, contain impurities Only 4% more trace minerals than table salt Contains iron Ben prefers Celtic sea salt: It's more pure and less contaminants BGF Podcast with Robert Slovak Colima Sea Salt Microplastics found in 90 percent of table salt: potential health impacts? 12 Reasons You Should Take Sea Salt -Myth #2: Lectins are not bad for you...15:00 Abstract P238: Remission/Cure of Autoimmune Diseases by a Lectin Limite Diet Supplemented With Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Polyphenols | Circulation Lectins, agglutinins, and their roles in autoimmune reactivities 1 in 5 people suffer from some form of an autoimmune condition; these are aggravated by lectins in our diets Remission in lectin-free diet -Myth #3: Probiotics can't boost your mood, immune system or overall wellness...17:48 Effects of Probiotics on Mood - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov The Effects of Priobiotics on Mood and Emotion The effects of probiotics on depressive symptoms in humans: a systematic review -Myth #4: Kombucha isn't making you any healthier...19:40 8 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Kombucha Tea Has all the health benefits of tea: polyphenols, cholesterol reduction, etc. 4 studies show kombucha reduces liver toxicity in rodent models by up to 70% Acidic acid can kill off harmful bacteria in the gut Watch out for residual sugars Blood sugar controlling properties -Myth #5: "Natural sugars" like agave syrup and coconut sugar aren't any better for you than the refined white stuff...22:57 Coconut Sugar: Is It Good For You? Coconut sugar has far more minerals than regular sugar: zinc, polyphenols, etc. Glycemic index score: 35-40; table sugar much higher (60 and above) -Myth #6: Antiperspirant does not cause breast cancer...25:40 A Case-control Study Adds a New Piece to the Aluminum/Breast Cancer Puzzle Use of Underarm Cosmetic Products in Relation to Risk of Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study There's no "smoking gun" but enough anecdotal evidence to be concerned -Myth #7: "Alkalizing" your body with alkaline water (or anything else) is not a thing...28:30 BGF Podcast with Robert Slovak Systematic review of the association between dietary acid load, alkaline water and cancer | BMJ Open Alkaline Water and Longevity: A Murine Study More alkalinity is not better Hydrogen rich water (Use code BEN for 30% off) -Myth #8: Apple cider vinegar is good for salads...31:51 6 Proven Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar Acidic acid in vinegar kills pathogens, natural antibacterial Shot of apple cider vinegar improves insulin sensitivity during a high carb meal Can educe fasting blood sugar by 4% Reduce blood pressure Regulate kidney function -Myth #9: You don't need to detox with a juice cleanse... BGF Article: The Best 2018 Detox Program Dandelion extract Ginseng Milk thistle extract Zinc lozenges Don't abuse the liver and kidneys and expect them to function properly -Myth #10: Activated charcoal is only helpful if you're in the ER and need your stomach pumped...42:28 What are the Benefits of Activated Charcoal? -Myth #11: Charcoal toothpaste doesn't strengthen your teeth...45:50 Ben agrees with this one Charcoal toothpaste may cause tooth decay and will not whiten teeth Health charity explores the facts and myths of charcoal toothpaste | Oral Health Foundation -Myth #12: The ketogenic diet isn't a magical weight-loss trick...47:40 Ketogenic Diets: Long-Term Nutritional and Metabolic Deficiencies Causes a deficiency in potassium Renal acid load, will further strip minerals from the body Folate deficiencies: consume liver or folate supplements Vitamin C deficiency: fix with supplementation or plants and berries -Myth #13: Lemon water will not boost your metabolism...51:59 Benefits of Drinking Lemon Water How to drink water with lemon and preserve your tooth enamel | The Well: bodymindheartspirit Contains folate, potassium, Vitamin C Blood circulation, insulin sensitivity benefits High amounts of citrate, helps treat kidney stones Can hurt tooth enamel -Myth #14: Dark chocolate is probably not better for you than other sweets...55:17 What are the Health Benefits of Dark Chocolate? Cacao contains antioxidants High levels of minerals Rich in magnesium and zinc Stimulates nitric oxide Hefty research to support chocolate's efficacy -Myth #15: Gluten is perfectly fine for the vast majority of people...58:30 Non-celiac gluten sensitivity - Wikipedia Gluten is an aggravator of autoimmune issues Intestinal damage Alter DNA and oxidative balance Irritable bowel issues, neural inflammation Book: Grain Brain Gluten Guardian -Myth #16: You can't sweat out toxins...1:01:46 Blood, urine, and sweat (BUS) study: monitoring and elimination of bioaccumulated toxic elements Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Sweat: A Systematic Review Sweat is a significant way to rid of over 120 toxicants -Myth #17: Infrared saunas do not detox you or burn fat...1:03:33 Infrared Sauna Treatment: Are the Claims Backed Up? - Dr. Axe Ben uses sauna treatment every day (Clearlight Saunas use code GREENFIELD for $500 off) Improves heart function, increase in HRV Decreases pain and stiffness Improves cognitive behavior, lifting mood -Myth #18: Coconut oil will not help you lose weight, lower your cholesterol, or kill germs or viruses...1:06:08 Top 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Coconut Oil Book: The End of Alzheimers by Dale Bredesen Books by Mary Newport Many populations eat large amounts of coconut and have low rates of heart disease Significant appetite stabilizing effects Used in epileptic patients to enter ketosis Many studies showing reduction in eczema Used as a sunscreen Reduce visceral fat -Myth #19: Oil pulling is not dental care...1:10:57 Oil pulling for maintaining oral hygiene - A review -Myth #20: The claims about collagen supplements are way overhyped...1:13:35 Oral Collagen Supplementation: A Systematic Review of Dermatological Applications - PubMed - NCBI -Myth #21: Weighted blankets aren't a treatment for mental health issues...1:15:40 Do Weighted Blankets Really Ease Sleeplessness? | Psychology Today -Myth #22: Organic cotton tampons and menstrual cups aren't safer...1:18:00 Do We Need Organic Tampons? A Review Of The Science - HelloGiggles Resources mentioned in this episode: - Vice article discussed - Microplastics found in 90 percent of table salt: potential health impacts? - 12 Reasons You Should Take Sea Salt - Abstract P238: Remission/Cure of Autoimmune Diseases by a Lectin Limite Diet Supplemented With Probiotics, Prebiotics, and Polyphenols | Circulation - Lectins, agglutinins, and their roles in autoimmune reactivities   - Effects of Probiotics on Mood - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov   - The Effects of Priobiotics on Mood and Emotion   - The effects of probiotics on depressive symptoms in humans: a systematic review   - 8 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Kombucha Tea   - Coconut Sugar: Is It Good For You?   - A Case-control Study Adds a New Piece to the Aluminum/Breast Cancer Puzzle   - Use of Underarm Cosmetic Products in Relation to Risk of Breast Cancer: A Case-Control Study   - Systematic review of the association between dietary acid load, alkaline water and cancer | BMJ Open   - Alkaline Water and Longevity: A Murine Study   - 6 Proven Benefits of Apple Cider Vinegar   - BGF Article: The Best 2018 Detox Program   - What are the Benefits of Activated Charcoal?   - Charcoal toothpaste may cause tooth decay and will not whiten teeth   - Health charity explores the facts and myths of charcoal toothpaste | Oral Health Foundation   - Ketogenic Diets: Long-Term Nutritional and Metabolic Deficiencies   - Benefits of Drinking Lemon Water   - How to drink water with lemon and preserve your tooth enamel | The Well: bodymindheartspirit   - What are the Health Benefits of Dark Chocolate?   - Non-celiac gluten sensitivity - Wikipedia   - Blood, urine, and sweat (BUS) study: monitoring and elimination of bioaccumulated toxic elements. - PubMed - NCBI   - Arsenic, Cadmium, Lead, and Mercury in Sweat: A Systematic Review   - Infrared Sauna Treatment: Are the Claims Backed Up? - Dr. Axe   - Top 10 Evidence-Based Health Benefits of Coconut Oil   - Oil pulling for maintaining oral hygiene - A review   - Oral Collagen Supplementation: A Systematic Review of Dermatological Applications - PubMed - NCBI   - Do Weighted Blankets Really Ease Sleeplessness? | Psychology Today   - Do We Need Organic Tampons? A Review Of The Science - HelloGiggles - Colima Sea Salt - BGF Podcast with Robert Slovak - Bragg Apple Cider Vinegar - Book: Grain Brain - Book: The End of Alzheimers by Dale Bredesen - Books by Mary Newport Episode Sponsors: - Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. - Organifi Gold: A new take on an ancient secret: Pain-soothing herbs, incredible antioxidants, and phytonutrients all in one delicious, soothing "Golden Milk" nighttime tea! Receive a 20% discount on your entire order when you use discount code: BENG20. - Vuori: Activewear and athletic clothing for ultimate performance. Vuori is built to move and sweat in, yet designed with a West Coast aesthetic that transitions effortlessly into everyday life. Receive 25% off your first order when you use discount code: "ben25" - Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn't just our slogan, it's a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order, PLUS free shipping on any order over $99 when you use discount code: BENG Got a question or comment for me about what I discussed in this episode? Leave a comment below and I'll reply!  
01:23:00 7/3/2019
Andrew Weil, M.D., is a world-renowned leader and pioneer in the field of integrative medicine. Combining a Harvard education and a lifetime of practicing natural and preventive medicine, Dr. Weil is the founder and director of the Andrew Weil Center for Integrative Medicine at the University of Arizona in Tucson, where he also serves as a Clinical Professor of Medicine and Professor of Public Health as well as the Lovell-Jones Professor of Integrative Rheumatology. He is a best-selling author of 15 books on healthy living, including: -Mind Over Meds -Fast Food, Good Food -True Food -Spontaneous Happiness -Healthy Aging -8 Weeks to Optimum Health Oxford University Press is currently producing the Weil Integrative Medicine Library, a series of volumes for clinicians in various medical specialties. -Integrative Oncology (co-edited with Dr. Donald Abrams, 2d. ed. 2014). -Integrative Psychiatry -Integrative Pediatrics -Integrative Women's Health (2d. ed. 2015)  -Integrative Rheumatology -Integrative Cardiology -Integrative Gastroenterology -Integrative Nursing -Integrative Men's Health-Integrative Dermatology -Integrative Pain Management -Integrative Environmental Medicine-Integrative Preventive Medicine -Integrative Psychiatry and Brain Health More volumes are in progress. Dr. Weil also serves as the editorial director of drweil.com, the leading online resource for healthy living based on the philosophy of integrative medicine, and pens the popular Dr. Andrew Weil's Self Healing monthly newsletter and a regular column in Prevention magazine. Dr. Weil is the founder and Chairman of the Weil Foundation, and the founder and co-Chairman of Healthy Lifestyle Brands. He is also a founder and partner of the growing group of True Food Kitchen restaurants. In 2017, he joined Seabourn and The Onboard Spa by Steiner in their "Spa and Wellness with Dr. Andrew Weil" mindful-living program, offered on all of its cruise ships. During our discussion, you'll hear:  -Dr. Weil's morning routine...6:30 Wake up between 4-4:30 Sitting meditation Breathing exercises (4-7-8 breathing) Sit for 15 minutes Breakfast: Sauteed tempeh (Dr. Weil is a pescatarian) Matcha green tea Tend to the garden -Ben and Dr. Weil discussing the health of our dogs...9:40 Dr. Weil owns two Rhodesian ridgebacks Ben's Rhodesian ridgeback recently passed away What's causing cancer in dogs? Environment, food, etc. Rapamycin has been correlated with longevity for dogs Dr. Weil gives it to his dogs every day for 10 weeks -The breath work Dr. Weil prefers and why...13:12 Comes from ancient India; passed on as oral tradition By using voluntary system to breathe, it influences the involuntary system of breathing 4-7-8 breathing Inhale 4 counts, hold 7 counts, exhale 8 counts Do minimum twice daily You're changing your brain's chemistry; exercise with caution Dr. Weil's resting heart rate is 38-42 Heart rate slows, HRV increases in response to the exhale -Why Dr. Weil thinks matcha green tea is the bee's knees...17:30 He owns Matcha Kari First found it in 1959 when he was 17 in Japan Two things stood out: Bamboo whisk Vibrant color green The matcha found in N. America is of inferior quality Differences between matcha and green tea: Matcha is finely powdered, made from tea plants shaded for 3 weeks Produce higher quantities of chlorophylls and antioxidants L-theanine modifies the effect of caffeine (alert relaxation) You consume the entire leaf which is powdered up Why some people's stomachs don't agree with matcha: Perhaps inferior quality More sensitive to tannens? The best way to prepare matcha: Put the powder through the water, or it will form lumps Keep it in the freezer once opened Don't need a traditional whisk Can be used for cooking, sprinkling, etc. Use discount code: GREEN15 and get a 15% discount on any order of matcha green tea! -Supplements and medications Dr. Weil likes to use...24:00 Basic antioxidant formula: caratenoids, Vitamin C, Vitamin E Multi-nutrient w/ trace minerals COQ10 PQQ MitoQ Medicinal mushroom supplements (immune support, resistance to infections) My podcast with Barrie Tan about Vitamin E and tocopherols vs. tocotrienols Preferable to get antioxidants from your diet Nature provides its own "complexes" What to look for on the label to ensure you're getting what you think you're getting: Don't take a pre-formed Vitamin A Look for as many caratenoids as possible Mega Food for men and for women -Dr. Weil's interest in the use of psychedelics...32:00 Books on the topic by Dr. Weil: The Natural Mind From Chocolate to Morphine: Everything You Need to Know About Mind-Altering Drugs The Harvard Psychedelic Club First took mescaline at age 18 Experimented throughout the 60's Dr. Weil believes these experiences have been instrumental in his work Emphasis on mind/body interactions and therapies Led to interest in medicinal plants 1P-LSD -Dr. Weil's history with and thoughts on the cannabis industry...41:30 At first felt nothing The highs were full of hilarity, eating, conviviality Began to be an introspective high, useful for creativity as a writer and meditation Then it began to make him groggy and sluggish Doesn't use it at all these days (due to body change, not the make up cannabis) Cannabis is a very complex source of compounds They are the "dog" of the plant world in that they have co-evolved with human interaction "We've been very stupid in our interactions with cannabis" Concerns about neurotransmitter imbalances associated with cannabis? You can't take them frequently enough to be concerned about it -Dr. Weil's thoughts on self-quantification and biohacking...48:30 Prefers natural methods as much as possible; doesn't use them personally Hyperbaric oxygen The NuCalm Ben uses for vagal nerve stimulation Live02 system Ben uses with his bike Ground with the earth preferable to PEMF mat -How Dr. Weil "coexists" in the natural medicine and mainstream medicine worlds...52:10 The greater potential of a treatment to cause harm, the more stringent the standards of evidence Study in allopathic medicine developed into "integrative" medicine (along with his corresponding library) Center of Excellence in College of Medicine at University of Arizona -"Best practices" Dr. Weil recommends to his patients...56:00 Learn the basics of nutrition: avoid processed and manufactured foods Be physically active throughout your life Get good rest and adequate sleep Learn and practice means of neutralizing forces on your mind and body Spend time outdoors Enjoy your life and have strong social connections -Evening routines and habits Dr. Weil engages in...58:35 Disconnect from devices in the afternoon Swim, work in the garden Cook with friends Read, walk in the forest, watch a movie In bed by 9 pm; do a 4-7-8 breath Take melatonin before sleeping (2.5 mg sublingual tablet) -And much more. Resources from this episode: -Towards natural mimetics of metformin and rapamycin -Matcha.com (GREEN15) -Almsbio Glutathione with CoQ10 Ben mentioned -FourSigmatic 10 Mushroom Blend (use code: GREENFIELD for 15% off) -My podcast with Barrie Tan about Vitamin E and tocopherols vs. tocotrienols -Megafood multivitamin -How To Get Your Own Vitamin and NAD IVs, The Truth About Umbilical Stem Cells, Peptide Injections & Much More With Dr. Craig Koniver. -Book: From Chocolate to Morphine: Everything You Need to Know About Mind-Altering Drugs -Book: The Harvard Psychedelic Club -Book: The Natural Mind -1P-LSD -Live02 system Ben uses with his bike -The NuCalm Ben uses for vagal nerve stimulation Episode sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Thrive Market: Organic brands you love, for less. Your favorite organic food and products. Fast and free shipping to your doorstep. Receive 25% off your order when you use my link! -Pura Thrive: Combines pure ingredients in targeted dosages through a superior delivery mechanism that is unrivaled by any other supplement on the market today. Get 15% off a bottle of the Keto Balance when you go to this link. -Harry's Razors: Try the shaving company that's fixing shaving. Get a $13 value trial set that comes with everything you need for a close, comfortable shave when you go to harrys.com/greenfield Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Dr. Andrew Weil or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  
01:04:26 6/28/2019
Two years ago, in the post, "11 Indispensable Lessons I Learned From The Biohacker's Handbook Of Exercise," I introduced you to my biohacking friends from Finland - a pioneer of holistic medicine in Finland, human technology and self-quantification specialist, Teemu Arina, superfood hunter and nutritionist, Jaakko Halmetoja, as well as Dr. Olli Sovijärvi, MD. Then, just a few months ago, in the article "14 Biohacking Secrets I Discovered In The Brand New Biohacker's Handbook", I announced that their entire, 544-page "Biohacker's Handbook" had been released in the English language - and was an absolutely stellar read jam-packed with tips, tricks, and hacks I'd never before seen, and the ultimate addition to any health, fitness, and nutrition enthusiast's coffee table or bookshelf. In that article, I shared with you 14 biohacking secrets I gleaned from the brand new beautiful hardcover book, which my guests on today's show - the authors of the book - describe as the "definitive guide to upgrading yourself and unleashing your inner potential." Five years in making, Biohacker's Handbook: Upgrade Yourself and Unleash Your Inner Potential has more than 540+ pages, 1560+ references and hundreds of illustrations. It is "the missing manual of the human body" and an essential addition to the library, work desk, kitchen, gym, suitcase and bedroom of anyone with a genuine interest in optimal human performance, health and well-being. You can click here to get the new book, and use code: BEN for a 10% discount. The same guys who wrote the book, also put on the extremely popular Biohacker Summit in global hotspots such as Helsinki, Stockholm, Estonia, London and Toronto - summits where I've personally spoken and where many brands have hit it big for the first time, including Four Sigmatic, Oura, Goodio and Ambronite. Biohacker Summit is one of the top optimal human performance & health conferences on the planet that focuses on combining ancestral living with modern biohacking practices. The upcoming Biohacker Summit 2019 is the 5th year anniversary edition that will be organized on 1-2 November 2019 in Helsinki, Finland with the theme "Optimize Your Day 24/7", and includes a wild-plant foraged VIP dinner, upgraded parties, a fantastic expo floor to play with new biohacking devices and much more. You can get a bundle of videos from all previous summits by clicking here (use 10% discount code BEN). You can also click here and use code BEN for 10% off tickets to the upcoming summit in Helsinki, taking place Nov 1-2, 2019 in Finland. My first guest on this show, in which we take a deep dive into Biohacker's Handbook, is Dr. Olli Sovijärvi. He is one of the pioneers of holistic medicine in Finland. In 2006 he graduated from the University of Helsinki with a Licentiate degree in Medicine. In 2010-2011 Dr. Sovijärvi completed an Integral Theory degree at the John F. Kennedy University, focusing on psychology and philosophy. For the first five years of his career as a physician, Dr Sovijärvi was employed by Finland's first medical recruitment agency. He has worked at nearly 50 different clinics and ER's around Finland. Dr. Sovijärvi has also acted as consultant to various companies and service providers operating in the fields of wellness and health technology. Between 2013-18 Dr. Sovijärvi practiced medicine at a private clinic that specializes in nutrition and holistic health care. At present, Sovijärvi focuses primarily on the production of scientific content for preventive health care and wellbeing. He is a co-author of the Biohacker's handbook and co-founder of Biohacking Center. He also runs training sessions and presentations on the topics of biohacking, performance optimization, nutritional issues and maintaining the intestinal balance. At the free time he is an exercise enthusiast and an electronic music DJ. Teemu Arina, my other guest, has a professional career of two decades as a technology entrepreneur, author, professional speaker, and biohacker. Mr. Arina is one of the forefront thinkers on the digital transformation of learning, work, leadership, health and - eventually - the future of humanity. His work focuses on studying the intersection of man and the machine and ways to improve productivity, health, and wellbeing with biological and technological tools. He is a co-author of the Biohacker's Handbook, co-founder of Biohacking Center and curator of Biohacker Summit. In 2015 he received the Leonardo Award under the title "Humanity in digitization", in 2016 he was selected as Top 100 Most Influential People In IT, in 2017 Speaker of the Year by Speakersforum, and in 2018 Leadership Trainer of the Year by Turku School of Economics. In his free time, Teemu enjoys foraging, photography, and hiking. During our discussion, you'll discover: -Why Olli doesn't use an alarm clock to wake up...12:30 Olli went years sleep-deprived working on his practice No technology after waking up Barefoot outside; ground with the earth (summer and winter) Vibration plates and squats BioMed Green Plus cubes Don't eat until early afternoon (1 meal a day + supplements throughout the day) Morning drink: Structured water or well water 1/2 tsp sea salt Dash of ginger juice Lemon juice Apple cider vinegar -Why Teemu is fascinated by birch and maple sap...20:30 Birch Sap Sprout Powder Ambronite meal replacement FourSigmatic Chaga (15% off with code "BENGREENFIELD") FourSigmatic 10 Mushroom Blend Mushroom Extract (for Agaricus mushroom) (15% off with code "BENGREENFIELD") Ceylon Cinnamon Pu Erh "titanium tea" Wild herb fed butter is better than grass-fed "The best stuff isn't branded" re: natural salt cave -Dynamic coffee blends, chocamine powder, the best way to make ghee and more...32:00 Olli's coffee blend: Organic Cayenne Powder Omica Organic Stevia Ceylon Cinnamon Madagascar Vanilla Drunk over the course of 8 hours Ghee hack: make it at high elevation due to different boiling point of the water, results in less oxidized compounds Chocamine powder (concentrated chocolate) allows you to get more anandamides, or internally produced cannabinoids in the system Bemer PEMF mat
01:39:45 6/26/2019
Peak: The New Science of Athletic Performance That is Revolutionizing Sports is a new book, by my fellow C-ISSN and CSCS Dr. Marc Bubbs. It was one of my best reads of the year for all things sports science. A few of my big takeaways include: - Endurance athletes seem to need more sleep than strength athletes, and both seriously suffer when sleep is anything less than 6 hours. - A temperature change in your fingertips is likely the first circadian cue you get at the beginning of the day (I could totally see a potential jet lag device that warms the fingers - I'll take the royalty for that, please. ;) ). - Aerobic training for strength athletes could assist with their immune system strength. - Loading with probiotics for 2 weeks leading up to competition could give you an ergogenic edge. - Elite athletes on a subpar diet show the same blood biomarkers as those with pre-diabetes and a fructosamine blood test can be one of the best ways to measure this. - Top supplements proven to work in exercise science, with the strongest track history, are creatine, caffeine, nitrate precursors (e.g. beet), whey protein, beta-alanine, and sodium bicarbonate. - Athletes with the CC genotype of the CYP1A2 gene are actually hampered in performance in response to caffeine intake. - Eating carbs too far from a performance event (e.g. 60-75 minutes) results in hypoglycemia before the event vs. consuming them closer to the event (e.g. 20-45 minutes) - Fish oil can stimulate muscle building by stimulating mTOR pathways. Vitamin D and creatine are also very good for recovery, not just performance. Creatine can even be helpful for TBI/concussions. - High sugar intake is associated with lower heart rate variability (HRV). - Cold water immersion (CWI) beats cryotherapy for recovery, hands down. You can get this brand new book here. But I also decided to get author Dr. Marc Bubbs on this podcast to take a deeper dive into he concepts above, and many others. He is a licensed Naturopathic Doctor, Performance Nutrition Lead for Canada Basketball Team, Speaker, and former Strength Coach. Marc also hosts the Dr. Bubbs Performance Podcast, connecting listeners with world-leading experts in human performance and health. Dr. Bubbs regularly presents at health, fitness and medical conferences across North America, UK and Europe and consults with professional teams in the NBA, NHL, and MLB teams. He practices in both Toronto, Canada and London, England. During our discussion, you'll discover: -How Marc gathers, curates and assimilates new information for his practice...8:45 Struggled as a young athlete with disease, etc. and discovered naturopathic medicine He realized that there wasn't much of a market for it (circa 2000) but he embraced it and became the best at it The more personal contact with the source of info, the better (there's nuance in conversation that doesn't make it into an academic paper) Vast resources available on the Internet (and they're all true, of course) -Current research on caffeine as an ergogenic aid...15:00 Study conducted by Nanci Guest, University of Toronto: Cycling time trial under 3 different conditions: 0 caffeine 2 mg caffeine 4 mg per kg of caffeine AC gene variants had no benefit AA gene variants had benefit at both 2 mg and 4 mg levels Athletes with the CC genotype of the CYP1A2 gene are actually hampered in performance in response to caffeine intake The sweet spot: 3-6 mg of caffeine per kg per day 23 and Me test will identify CYP 1A2 gene -How endurance and strength athletes differ regarding sleep needs...21:18 Endurance athletes fare better on the upper end of the sleep suggested amounts (8-10 hrs) They also suffer more on lack of sleep Greater volume of training More early morning sessions Sleep is #1 recovery tool some docs recommend It's one thing to acknowledge the need, quite another to actually get more sleep -The relationship between finger temperature and circadian rhythm...31:25 Fingertips are the first to sense changes in environment Possibility of warming hands to help body adjust its circadian rhythm while traveling ChiliPad Ben sleeps on -How aerobic training can help the immune system of endurance athletes... "Elite performance is incompatible with frequent illness." --Dr. Michael Gleason Maintaining an aerobic base supports innate immunity Aerobic training in the protocol of a strength athlete will improve immune system Consider incorporating aerobics if red flags of sickness or fatigue occur Could be a means of recovery Simply being well enough to train is a big part of the picture Don't forget fundamentals like washing hands Fingertips, webs and backs of hands are often missed -Probiotics as an ergogenic and performance enhancing tool...42:10 Study on Olympic athletes in 2008: 2/3 of those studied showed benefit in 2 key areas: Preventing upper respiratory tract infection Reversing upper respiratory tract infection Start 2 weeks before event Colostrum can be efficacious while performing in the heat Gut is a "black box" of the body; a key indicator in assessing overall health -Up and coming supplement research and diet strategies Marc is following...50:45 "Food first" approach Creatine, whey protein, caffeine are major players Nitrate precursors: beet root, arugula Endurance sports, struggle to lose weight: have the wrong approach Nicotinamide riboside Ketones for concussion recovery High rate of head trauma among teens Women's ice hockey is the highest risk Peptides -Why athletes on a subpar diet show the same blood biomarkers as those with pre-diabetes...56:10 Endurance athletes are more concerned with hypoglycemia, not hyperglycemia Study: 4 of 10 participants spend 70% of the time with blood glucose in pre-diabetic range Exercise is a stressor; contributes to raising blood glucose Over fueling more of a problem than we think Case study in Japan on two ultra-marathoners: one elite, the other sub-elite on a 100 mile race At wake-up: elite has glucose level of 90; sub-elite is 110 Sub-elite glucose level rises, then crashes around mile 70 Elite runner came through just fine Fructosamine measurements for blood glucose levels HA1c skews to more recent fueling in its readings 2-3 week window vs. 3 month on HA1c Measuring glycated albumin rather than glycated hemoglobin More expensive; used for a more acute picture -The best time to consume carbs before training...1:07:45 Dr. Mark Russell: Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players Biggest drops in glucose came from those who had drinks 75 minutes before the game Emma Stevenson of Newcastle University did a study on maltodextrin vs. honey Maltodextrin had blood sugar drop of 19% Honey had blood sugar drop of 4% Time carb intake so that blood glucose spike takes place during the event Optimal overall carb intake for strength vs. endurance athletes: Strength: 4-7 g per kg per day Endurance: 6-10 g per kg "Training low" in team sports: low carb availability -Comparing the effectiveness of cold water immersion (CWI) to cryotherapy...1:22:40 -And much more... Resources from this episode: -Peak: The New Science of Athletic Performance That is Revolutionizing Sports -Examine Research Digest -Alan Aragon's Research Review -Chilipad Ben sleeps on -The combo of ATP and HMB Ben mentions -Dr. Mark Russell: Half-Time Strategies to Enhance Second-Half Performance in Team-Sports Players Episode sponsors: -Kion Aminos: Building blocks for muscle recovery, reduced cravings, better cognition, immunity, and more. Get 10% off your order of Kion Aminos, and everything at the Kion site when you use discount code: "BGF10". -JOOVV: After using the Joovv for close to 2 years, it's the only light therapy device I'd ever recommend. Give it a try: you won't be disappointed. Order using my link and receive a nice bonus gift with your order! -Thrive Market: Organic brands you love, for less. Your favorite organic food and products. Fast and free shipping to your doorstep. Receive 25% off your order when you use my link! -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn't just our slogan, it's a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order, PLUS free shipping on any order over $99 when you use discount code: BENG. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Dr. Bubbs or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  
01:32:54 6/21/2019
This audio/video overview by Dr. Ally Perlina of Viome goes in depth on Ben's latest gut microbiome results from Viome. In this episode, you'll learn how to customize your diet and lifestyle based on the genetics of your gut. Dr. Perlina is the Chief Translational Science Officer at Viome. She leads the Viome team on the development of actionable pathway analytics, functional microbiome profiling, and integration of Viome test results into food and supplement recommendation logic. Ally came to Viome from working with Dr. Craig Venter at Human Longevity, Inc. She brings over 17 years of industry experience, which include Thomson Reuters, Quest Diagnostics, and several startup organizations where she led R&D groups, scientific product development efforts, and translated knowledge and insights from clinical data analyses into actionable results. S he's a world-class expert in pathway analysis and translational systems biology, which are critical in addressing the complexities of health and disease from different data types in a meaningful holistic way. This cross-functional perspective and passion for making scientifically powered precision medicine insights actionable and scalable has been Ally's driving force ever since she was investigating gene expression correlates of brain tumors and patient drug response at UCLA while getting her doctorate training in Human Genetics. Ally's ability to "translate" the signals from genomics, transcriptomics, metabolomics, etc., into something valuable for human health today allows her to lead a diverse team of scientific, clinical, and nutritional experts that together with data science make truly personalized Viome recommendations with molecular-level precision To learn more about Viome and what it is, you can click here or check out these previous resources I've created on this cutting-edge way to test all the bacteria in your gut, along with the postbiotics they produce: - Article: What Is Viome? How Gut Metatranscriptome & Microbiome Analysis Can Change Your Health  - Podcast: Age Reversing Via The Gut, The Ultimate Anti-Anxiety Pill, Customized Probiotics & More With Billionaire Entrepreneur & Viome Founder Naveen Jain - Podcast: Poop, Bacteria & You: The Latest Cutting-Edge Science Of The Human Microbiome (& How To Affordably Test Your Own Gut) - Podcast: The Ultimate Guide To Self-Quantification - How To Test, Track & Interpret Blood, Saliva, Urine, Hair & Poop During this audio/video, you'll discover: -Ben's GI summary...7:23 Most important themes to address are several specific functions dealing with digestive efficiency Active microbes: There are 134 active microbial species detected in the sample, which means that Richness is within the average range but may need improvement. No active Eukaryotes were detected There are 2 active plant viruses: Prunus necrotic ringspot Pepper mild mottle -Overall microbial richness...9:50 Ben's score is 134 out of 400; average score (5-95 percentile) The microbial could use a boost, but nothing too alarming Recommended foods: Sauerkraut enriches and diversifies the microbiome Walnuts increase microbial diversity Olive oil contains MUFAs, which are a group of fatty acids; weight management, increases bacterial diversity, decreases inflammation Recommended supplements: Probiotics Polyresveratrol and cranberry containing supplements -Metabolic fitness score...18:35 Ben's score is GOOD, in the 18th percentile of the Viome population (improved from Sep. 2018) -Inflammatory activity...21:10 Ben's overall score is AVERAGE LPS biosynthesis pathways: average Methane gas production pathways: needs improvement Sulfide gas production pathways: needs improvement Flagella assembly pathways: average Biofilm, chemotaxis, virulence pathways: average Balance is the goal, not optimal scores in every area Although the score is "average" it's on the higher end of the spectrum -Proinflammatory microbial activity, and active pro inflammatory pathways that indicate potential GI inflammation...32:40 -Butyrate production pathways and active butyrate producers...45:45 Ben's overall score is GOOD Butyrate is good for metabolic fitness Regulates satiety, good for insulin sensitivity Goes hand in hand with inflammation scores Butyrate is a short chain fatty acid (SCFA); associated with beneficial functions for the host Resistant starches and fibers: resist the digestive system of the host -SCFA production pathways and active SCFA producing microbes...51:40 In addition to butyrate: acetate, acetyl phosphate Active probiotic in Ben's sample Many different pathways that lead to butyrate production -Recommendations for Ben's diet...55:23 Bone broth (mammal) Oregano Jicama Turmeric Phytometabolizing microbes and active pathways: Red, blue and blackberries Riboflavins -Digestive efficiency...59:20 Ben's overall score is AVERAGE Protein fermentation: needs improvement Gas production: needs improvement Methane gas production pathways: needs improvement Sulfide gas production pathways: needs improvement Putrescine production pathways: needs improvement Butyrate production pathways: good Salt stress pathways: good Protein fermenters and active protein fermentation pathways Omithine Putrescine Cadaverine Ammonia Urea Recommendations related to protein fermentation: Mung bean sprouts Fennel bulb Alfalfa sprouts Grapefruit -Hydrogen sulfide production pathways and hydrogen sulfide producing microbes...1:15:50 Exacerbated by certain foods Disruptive to the gut lining Proinflammatory if produced in excess Sulfate (or sulfite) is deleterious Recommendations specific to microbial gas production, particularly hydrogen sulfide: Broccoli Brussels sprouts -Vitamins produced by the gut microbes and detox of the microbiome... -And much more... Resources mentioned: -Viome Episode sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations, Kion blends ancestral wisdom with modern science. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Four Sigmatic: I've been using Four Sigmatic products for awhile now and I'm impressed by the efficacies of their mushroom products. I use them. I like them. I support the mission! Receive 15% off your Four Sigmatic purchase when you use discount code: BENGREENFIELD -Clearlight Saunas: You can be sure that I researched all the saunas before I bought mine and Clearlight was the one that stood out from all the rest because of their EMF and ELF Shielding and their Lifetime Warranty. Use discount code: BENGREENFIELD to get $500 off your sauna and a free bonus gift! -Zip Recruiter: As your qualified candidates roll in, we make it easy to screen & rate them, allowing you to make the best hiring decisions for your business. Try it for free when you use my link! Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Dr. Ally or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  
01:41:54 6/19/2019
I'm constantly playing and experimenting with new devices and so-called biohacks to enhance sleep and cognition. One of my favorites of late is a very handy device called the NuCalm, which I've been using to simulate an entire 120 minute sleep cycle with just a 20 minute daily powernap. The NuCalm is a next-level cranial electrotherapy stimulation device that uses both a relaxation cream and mild stimulation to help your brain interrupt the adrenaline and cortisol release by mimicking what naturally occurs in your brain right before you sleep. It includes an app with "music" - which is actually neuroacoustic software that delivers frequencies to your brain which take you down to theta brain wavelength. This thing lets me get a 20-minute intense period of relaxation even when I can't nap, and I'm now ducking away and using it nearly every day, particularly during travel and on airplanes. It's spendy, but in my opinion, well worth it. You can get a NuCalm here and save $500 with code: BEN500. My guest on this show is Jim Poole Chairman, President and CEO of Solace Lifesciences, Inc., the maker of NuCalm. J im is an accomplished business executive with extensive experience in the healthcare,. biotechnology, dental, market research, and IT industries. Mr. Poole manages the strategic direction and ongoing operations of Solace Lifesciences, Inc., a neuroscience company focused on personalized wellness and performance. In 2015, Solace Lifesciences, the maker of NuCalm, was granted the world's sole patent for "Systems and Methods for Balancing and Maintaining the Health of the Human Autonomic Nervous System." Mr. Poole has successfully launched global products, managed growth strategies, and effectively optimized business operations for large and small organizations alike. Prior to joining Solace Lifesciences, Jim co-founded Focused Evolution, a premier global management strategy-consulting firm. As a Managing Partner, he managed mergers and acquisitions, due diligence, and growth strategies for venture capital and private equity firms. Under Jim's leadership, Focused Evolution grew into a multi-million dollar consulting firm, serving a global client portfolio of 49 companies, across a broad in a range of industries. Jim serves on the board of directors of several medical device firms around the world. He is a recognized business leader, public speaker, an accomplished author, and has published numerous articles in industry trade journals and lectures all over the world globally on topics including stress, recovery, performance, and business strategy. Jim has published over 30 articles in industry trade journals. A New York state native, Poole earned a BA in psychology from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst and an MBA in International Business & Marketing from Babson College. During our discussion, you'll discover: -What exactly is a NuCalm?...8:30 Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) Designed to halt the stress response and raise the parasympathetic response Was developed over the course of 20 years by a neuroscientist/quantum physicist/naturopath, Dr. Holloway He's not myopic: you'll find biochemistry, electrical signaling Physiological benefit of living like a monk The hand-held device is the core of the product Brain and body communicate in 2 ways: chemical and electrical messaging Cycles brain wave function into data Key is in controlling the adrenal glands It's FDA cleared to treat insomnia, anxiety, depression Amino acid GABA (gamma-Aminobutyric acid0); the antithesis of adrenal stimulation GABA is transmitted to the brain via the cream Shuts down the HPA axis (adrenals) The cream contains, in addition to GABA, taurine, glycine, casein tryptic hydrolysate (the protein found in mother's milk) If you didn't get all that, get this: The device relaxes the nervous system, which allows the GABA in the cream to reach the brain and work its magic -How the audio features in the NuCalm app enhance the user experience...22:20 Binaural beats: Discovered in 1839 The ear can't hear them; they bring the signal into the brain Binaural signal processing (512 hz into the left ear; 500 hz into the right ear) Reticular activating system: Stimulation filter to the brain Two functions: pattern recognition and find a shortcut One track on the NuCalm app is over 700 mb of data (compared to 5-6 mb on an iTunes track) Non-linear oscillating algorithm: Takes the brain from beta (awake) to alpha and theta Theta is when the cells cleanup and create energy source for themselves (healing zone) -The science behind going through an entire sleep cycle in a 20 minute power nap...28:00 NuCalm's claims attracted top scientists to validate them World's preeminent expert in HRV verified that the NuCalm truncates a 2 hours of sleep into 20 minutes Won "best of CES" at Consumer Electronics Show Dr. Hollowell was resistant to creating a 20 minute track mimicking an entire sleep cycle (was 40-50 minutes) Supply followed demand; after months of research the 20 minute track was a reality -How the NuCalm device measures heart-rate variability...37:40 Low frequency (LF) pertains sympathetic nervous system High frequency (HF) the parasympathetic Monk-like meditation level within one minute Took 5 years to secure a patent on the technology Worked with the most renowned experts on HRV C.K. Peng Captured date from 2 groups: metastatic stage 4 cancer, professional athletes LF is lowered while raising the HF 100 patients with depression and anxiety were studied with astounding results after using the device We understand intuitively that stress causes disease, but don't understand why We can't understand the intangible Long-term time horizons make us apathetic in our youth High-stress/poor sleep lifestyle = not enough time in theta or the 2nd stage of sleep Cancer is the best way to articulate the breakdown We all have cancer in our bodies, however our immune system kills them when it's functioning properly Stress breaks down this function over time Physiological benefit: It activates the vagus nerve Slows breath down to one breath per 10 seconds Syncs heart with the lungs Fully oxygenated -How the NuCalm affects recovery...47:55 Elite military units use the device for expedited recovery without the use of drugs It takes the foot off the accelerator, in a manner of speaking Return on investment: 30 minutes yields 12-15 hours of highly focused work Autonomic system is key to managing stress, anxiety, fear, etc. The itty bitty shitty subcommittee in the back of your brain goes away Without proper sleep, we literally stress ourselves to death The offer is not to cure or heal anything; it's to alleviate stress and allow the body to heal itself, the immune system to fight disease Even monks love the device -The NuCalm's effect on the nervous system beyond HRV and the vagus nerve...56:30 24 page study  -How the NuCalm affects (or interrupts) your normal sleep schedule...1:01:05 Don't take the power nap close to normal bedtime 15 minute rule: use it as an aid to fall back asleep in the middle of the night Sweet spot: between 1-4 pm (normal time body wants to take a nap) Your body cannot compensate for sleep debt NuCalm is not a "hack" for getting less sleep If you live 100 years, you should sleep for 33 years You stay in theta during the NuCalm power nap (which is where the body heals itself); ordinarily you'll be in delta The body relies on GABA during sleep The body keeps the nutrients it needs; secretes what it doesn't The GABA in the cream during a mid-day power nap will still be there when you go to bed at night -Final rapid-fire questions...1:10:45  Whether there is any efficacy in increasing the cranial electrical stimulation using the device About the other settings on the device (relaxation and recovery) About the Ignite app [link] (sympathetic stimulation) Opposite effect of the NuCalm Can be used in tandem, but not independently of NuCalm -And much more... Resources from this episode: -NuCalm: The NuCalm is a next-level cranial electrotherapy stimulation device that uses both a cream and mild stimulation to help your brain interrupt the adrenaline and cortisol release by mimicking what naturally occurs in your brain right before you sleep. It includes an app with "music" - which is actually neuroacoustic software that delivers frequencies to your brain which take you down to theta brain wavelength. This thing lets me get a 20-minute intense period of relaxation even when I can't nap, and I'm now ducking away and using it nearly every day, particularly during travel and on airplanes. It's spendy, but in my opinion, well worth it. You can get it here and save $500 with code: BEN500. - The Fisher Wallace Circadia Ben mentions early in the interview -The other apps Ben mentions: Sleepstream Pzizz Brain.FM -Ecomeditation .mp3 for simulating sleep -Yoga Nidra for sleep Episode sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Organifi Green Juice: Now you can get all your healthy superfoods in one glass...with No Shopping, No Blending, No Juicing, and No Cleanup. Get a 20% discount on your entire order when you use discount code: BENG20 -Pique Tea: Achieve your health goals easier and faster with Pique Tea. My mental clarity is through the roof and energy levels have never been better since I've been drinking Pique Tea. Get 15% off your entire order when you use code: GREENFIELD -Gluten Guardian: Are you ready for upgraded digestion? Take your body to the ultimate edge of human potential and become biologically optimized with Gluten Guardian. Save an additional 10% off your entire order when you use discount code: GREENFIELD Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Jim or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!
01:26:33 6/14/2019
I'm constantly blown away by the amount of genetic data and actionable information one can garner from a simple bit of saliva. In today's episode, you're going to get an insider glimpse into how to go way beyond something as simple as 23AndMe or Ancestry and instead learn how to get truly useful health information that you can use to enhance health, performance, sleep, gut function, neurotransmitters and cognition and much more. My guest on this podcast, Dr. Mansoor Mohammed, has an extremely impressive background in the field of genetics. His credentials include: -BSc. Specialized Honours in Molecular Genetics | University of Guelph | Guelph -Doctor of Philosophy with Distinction in Molecular Genetics & Immunology | University of Guelph | Guelph -Postdoctoral Clinical Cytogenetics Fellowship | University of California | Los Angeles -Postdoctoral Clinical Cytogenetics Fellowship | Baylor College of Medicine | Houston Dr. Mansoor is now the President and CSO of The DNA Company, a leading and innovative provider of comprehensive Functional Genomics testing and consulting and an industry first: individually customized supplements based on your genetics. He is widely regarded as a pioneer in medical genomics and has been the recipient of multiple academic and industry awards. He is the holder of several patents in the general fields of molecular diagnostics and genomics research and is one of the most sought-after national and international conference speakers in the genre of personalized medicine. Prior to his role at The DNA Company, Dr. Mansoor was: - Founder and President of ManaGene (2010-2018) - CEO of Combimatrix (Nasdaq traded leader in diagnostic genomic microarrays) (2006-2010) - Director of Genomics at Quest Diagnostics (The world's largest reference laboratory with a market capitalization of over $10 billion US) (2003-2006) - Director of Research and Development at Spectral Genomics (one of the industry's first commercial genomic microarray developers spun out of Baylor College of Medicine under Dr. Mansoor's scientific leadership) Dr. Mansoor maintains an active clinical practice as a genomics consultant to some of the leading executive health clinics in Canada and abroad. During our discussion, you'll discover: -What makes each DNA test different and how to choose what's right for you...9:30 Consider the various elements of genetic testing: SNPs (pronounce "snips"; single nucleotide polymorphisms) Copy number variation (CNV) INDEL (insertion/deletion polymorphism) Understand how the various labs go about testing the elements Humans have two identical copies of the DNA code (from each parent) When testing for SNPs, the genetic paragraph is "read" and looks for variations between the two The more paragraphs you try to query simultaneously, the greater risk of error (false negatives/positives) Characteristics of a proper DNA test: Concern is for the physical manifestation of the genes, not the genes themselves Cellular function is key indicator Identify the genes that influence the desired outcome Pinpoint the specific DNA to test vs. "shotgun" approach Avoid drawing data for data's sake -A review of Ben's DNA test and how they compare to his two sons...25:00 Two different reports: Genome Pulse Report and Hormone Pulse Report (looking at the GPR) Vascular function Cells that line the vascular system receive the most wear and tear 9P21 markers (not genes) are correlated with the lining of the blood vessels; "the heart of the human genome" A alleles and G alleles The more G alleles you have, the less resilient is the endothelial lining Increase good quality vegetable matter People with multiple G alleles benefit less from vegetable matter (like red wine) than those with none Smokers are more likely to die of vascular disease than lung disease Glutathione S-Transferase (GST) pathway is one of the key pathways in the body Glutathionization: the cellular process that neutralizes toxins in the body What happens when someone doesn't have 2 copies of a gene... You sometimes have genes you didn't inherit from either parent Talking about SNPs in the gene is irrelevant; As is epigenetics (alter the expression of the genes, not the genes itself) 3 vitally important GST genes: Theta 1, Pai 1, Nu1 Should a person only have 1 copy of a gene, they will produce 50% less than someone with 2 copies Ben Greenfield has 1 copy of the GSTT1 gene (as does 60% of the population) Important to not exceed a healthy toxicity threshold Ben Greenfield does not have the GSTM1 gene at all Useless to discuss SNPs for that gene The M1 gene is a backup: it can be lost with less consequence than other genes (such as the T1) What this means is that Ben Greenfield has low to average glutathione detox capacity Must be more cognizant of diet, environment, etc. Ben's two boys are missing the GSTT1 gene completely -Personalizing diet and/or supplements based on DNA test results...57:25 Youtrients [link] Nothing compares to an optimal diet (eating whole foods) Customized based on dietary limitations (lactose intolerance) Ethnic and geographic factors, as well as the environment during weaning, affect how to interpret test results Elites of Victorian era England adjusted their lifestyle (living in Scottish highlands in the autumn months) Reduce, not promote, supplementation, to where only necessary Our bodies are not designed to accommodate many of the supplements on the market "Is there a cellular function that is dysfunctional?" Then address that through supplementation More is not always better when it comes to genetics 3 disparate aspects of cellular function: Endothelial quality Detox capacity Insulin productivity and function in response to diet -Differences between the hormone pulse report and the genome pulse report...1:18:25 BDNF (brain-derived neurotropic factor) is one of the most important genes in our body First thing looking at: How does the body (male or female) convert progesterones into androgens, into estrogens t-intersection (4 points): How efficiently converting progesterone into androgens 3 things happen when you make testosterone: Use it Convert some of it into DHT Metabolize (glucuronidation) Ben has the perfect balance of the t-intersection Ben's boys are identical, except have a higher predisposed conversion of testosterone into estrogen -About the ACTN3 gene and its relation to exercise types...1:28:50 -And much more... Resources from this episode: - Click here for testing with Youtrients through the TheDNACompany. They offer their complete functional genomics test package for $399 USD (that's a savings of $50 from retail price), and your test package includes both Hormone and Genome Pulse panel tests as well as a clinical report for each panel, along with full access to their webinar series, which introduces the science and interpretation of your genomic results with regards to key biological systems and processes. Click here for that special offer from YouTrients for Ben Greenfield listeners. - Ben's Hormone Pulse results from TheDNA Company [pdf-embedder url="/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Ben-Greenfield-HORMONE-PULSE-REPORT.pdf" title="Ben Greenfield HORMONE PULSE REPORT"] - Ben's Genome Pulse results from TheDNA Company [pdf-embedder url="/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Ben-Greenfield-GENOME-PULSE-REPORT.pdf" title="Ben Greenfield GENOME PULSE REPORT"] Episode sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Trusii: Contains a host of anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-allergy benefits. For this reason, I have decided to now make consumption of hydrogen-rich water an important part of my daily nutritional routine...and I highly recommend it! Enter code: BEN at checkout and get 30% off your order! -Halo Sport: Halo Sport revolutionized physical training by being the first-ever product that can increase your neuroplasticity by putting your brain into a state that neuroscientists called hyperlearning?. The fully upgraded Halo Sport 2 was just announced and it's pre-selling for just $279 (less than half the price of the first model) when you use code: GREENFIELD. -Birdwell Beach Britches: Quality is our Gimmick isn't just our slogan, it's a commitment we honor with every stitch we sew. 100% money back guarantee. Get 10% off your order, PLUS free shipping on any order over $99 when you use discount code: BENG. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Dr. Mansoor or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!  
01:39:39 6/12/2019
Several months ago, I filled you in on "The 2 Best Ways To Burn Fat Fast (Without Destroying Your Hormones Or Metabolism)". But what you learned in that article only scratched the surface of the multiple mechanisms underlying why the human body can be resistant to fat loss, and how to achieve truly sustainable, long-lasting weight loss in a safe and efficient manner. So during today's solosode, you'll discover... -How fat actually gets burnt...6:20 Law of conservation of mass: Mass, in an isolated system, is neither created nor destroyed by chemical reactions or physical transformations Fat is primarily disposed of via the breath Calories, as well as excess carbs and proteins, are converted into triglycerides and stored in lipid droplets of adipocytes Excess dietary fat undergoes lipolysis, and then reesterification Triglycerides are composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen Oxidation: requires inhalation of oxygen Study: When someone loses weight, where does the fat go? For 22 pounds of fat to be oxidized, 64 pounds of oxygen must be inhaled Results in 61 pounds of carbon dioxide excreted via the lungs and 24 pounds of water excreted via urine, sweat, feces, and breath Average of 17,000 breaths per day will excrete .32 lbs of carbon Sources of carbon (other than eating coal) are: dietary carbs, proteins, and fats If you didn't get all that, get this: Losing fat means consuming less carbon than you've exhaled. Even small quantities of food can foil your efforts at weight loss. The simple solution is to move more and eat less. The 16 reasons you're not burning fat the way you'd like - Chronic Inflammation...12:35 High levels of transforming growth actor beta cause irregular appetite and glucose regulation Matrix metalloproteinases (MMP): calcium-dependent zinc-containing endopeptidases Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF): Aids in the growth of new blood vessels; correlated with obesity Nitric oxide synthase Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) = meta inflammation Nos uncoupling (genetic factors) StrateGene Tree of Life, Bob Miller's site Sugar can be inflammatory but is more quickly metabolized than things like vegetable oil Chronic stress is a factor: overstimulation of the limbic system Cell Danger Response (CDR) Toxic by Neil Nathan Dr. Robert Naviaux - Glycemic variability (GV)...21:05 Refers to the blood glucose variations during the day If GV gets out of control, the body does one of two things: transfers sugar into muscles, or stores as body fat It will become fat tissue if you're not active enough throughout the day Be "ruthlessly" cognizant of blood sugar fluctuations 6 Strategies to control GV Strength training Pre-breakfast fasted cardio Book: Change Your Schedule, Change Your Life  Post-prandial walk Standing Plants, herbs, spices Ceylon cinnamon Gymnema sylvestre Berberine Apple cider vinegar Kion Lean Fiber - Cortisol and stress...30:45 Cortisol suppresses insulin secretion Measure heart rate variability (HRV) Oura Ring (Save $50 with code: GREENFIELDOURA) Podcast with building biologist Brian Hoyer Podcast Ep. 397 - Sleep deprivation...34:20 A single night of partial sleep can be deleterious Neuro endocrine effect: reduces levels of leptin; increases levels of ghrelin - Snacking and post-workout calories...35:25 "Grazing" or 6-8 small meals per day is a myth Snacking increases your GV and eliminates benefits of fasting Your body releases more growth hormone during intermittent fasting Grazing throws metabolism into sugar burning mode It takes 3 days, or 4 weeks of extreme calorie restriction for the body to down regulate metabolism The need for protein and carbs right after a workout is a myth The exception: two a day workouts - You're not moving enough...39:47 Fool your body into thinking it's in the "hunter gatherer" mode - Too much exercise...41:30 Excessive exercise, along with other stressors can lead to increased levels of cortisol and inflammation Beyond Training by Ben Greenfield Too much of the same exercise Not enough recovery days Sweet spot: 2-3 days per week, lift heavy stuff 2-3 days high-intensity interval training - Chronic cardio...43:35 Your body will catabolize muscle and store fat High-intensity cardio 2-3 days per week Reduced subcutaneous adiposity of body fat among people who follow these guidelines - The SAID Principle...46:00 Specific Adaptation to Imposed Demands Sometimes the best workout plan is the one you're not currently doing Keep the body guessing 5 modifications: Combine exercises Article "complex exercises" Active rest periods Train outside Change the center of gravity Workout at a different time of day - Lack of cold therapy...50:00 Cold is a strong metabolic stimulus Cold thermogenesis occurs when protons are forced across the inner membrane and turned into heat Beige adipose tissue Every day, 2-5 minutes cold exposure (cold shower, cold river or lake) 3x3 cold coolfatburner.com (Use code: BEN10CFB to save 10%) - Hormonal imbalance...52:25 Dutch Test Podcast w/ Jay Campbell Estrogeneration by Anthony Jay - Toxin and chemical exposure...54:40 - Food allergies and intolerances...56:30 - Micro-nutrient deficiencies... Vitamin D Chromium Biotin Thiamine Antioxidants Magnesium Boron Vitamin A Vitamin K2 Choline Genova Labs - Thyroid...59:00 - Disordered eating...1:01:01 Your body expects food at a certain time of day Results in irregular metabolism Easier to track calorie consumption when you eat the same thing, at the same time of day - Final comments...1:03:25 Everybody and every body is different It could be possible your body has reached its desired weight - And much more! Resources mentioned: - Article: When someone loses weight, where does the fat go? - StrateGene - Tree of Life, Bob Miller's site - Book: Toxic by Neil Nathan - Dr. Robert Naviaux, UCSD - Book: Change Your Schedule, Change Your Life  - Ceylon cinnamon - Gymnema Sylvestre - Berberine - Apple cider vinegar - Kion Lean - Oura Ring (Save $50 with code: GREENFIELDOURA) - Podcast with building biologist Brian Hoyer - Podcast Ep. 397 - Beyond Training by Ben Greenfield - coolfatburner.com (Use code: BEN10CFB to save 10%) - Dutch Test - Podcast w/ Jay Campbell - Estrogeneration by Anthony Jay Episode sponsors: - Kion Coaches If you are looking for a professional that can personally help you optimize your mind, body, and spirit to become the best version of yourself, and who knows exactly how I work with my own clients, just head on over to view our brand-spankin-new Coach Directory! - Organifi Green Juice: Now you can get all your healthy superfoods in one glass...with No Shopping, No Blending, No Juicing, and No Cleanup. Get a 20% discount on your entire order when you use discount code: BENG20 - ButcherBox: Delivers healthy 100% grass-fed and finished beef, free-range organic chicken, and heritage breed pork directly to your door on a monthly basis. All their products are humanely raised and NEVER given antibiotics or hormones. New subscribers will receive 2 LBS of FREE wild-caught Alaskan salmon + $20 OFF their first box by going to butcherbox.com/ben - Halo Sport: Halo Sport revolutionized physical training by being the first-ever product that can increase your neuroplasticity by putting your brain into a state that neuroscientists called hyperlearning?. The fully upgraded Halo Sport 2 was just announced and it's pre-selling for just $279 (less than half the price of the first model) when you use code: GREENFIELD Got a question for me about today's podcast? Just leave a comment below and I'll reply!  
01:06:40 6/7/2019
I recently had a chance to speak to a wonderful crowd of personal wealth management experts at the Raymond James conference in Las Vegas. During my talk, I covered both basic and advanced tactics to enhance longevity, and the talk was also recorded for your listening pleasure here. In this episode, you'll learn... -Clues from the animal kingdom about our own longevity...9:45 Lobster has high activity of the telomerase enzyme (prevents telomeres from shortening rapidly) Naked mole rat have robust protein folding mechanisms Hummingbird has extremely high metabolism; produces high amount of endogenous antioxidants which extends its life Tortoise's internal organs do not degrade as rapidly as the rest of its body The Immortal Jellyfish: Sinks to the bottom of the ocean when it dies and renews its life Humans do not tap into their longevity potential due to their deleterious lifestyle -The 12 characteristics of "Blue Zones" and how they relate to longevity... Blue Zones by Dan Buettner Air quality in your environment [17:15] We're bombarded with air pollution 150,000 cases of diabetes directly related to air pollution Allerair air filters Molekule (use code BEN) It's possible to begin reversing lung damage from smoking within 12 months Full spectrum antioxidants Taurine Wild plants, herbs and spices [20:32] Hormesis: Things that are bad for you in large amounts can strengthen your body's stress resilience in small amounts Plants have built-in defense mechanisms Xenohormesis Book: The Plant Paradox by Dr. Steven Gundry Plants cause gut damage to those with existing gut damage (leaky gut, dysbiosis, etc.) Book: Eating on the Wild Side by Joe Robinson Avoid processed food [24:45] Two ingredients commonly found on processed "healthy" food: vegetable oil and sugar Two things to track: Glycemic variability w/ Dexcom G6 Inflammation High amount of legumes [28:50] Rinsing and sprouting Legumes are a low glycemic index food Slow carbs A slice of bread can spike your sugar higher than a candy bar Low level physical activity throughout the day [34:50] You don't see cross fit regimens in blue zones Gyms are a product of the post-industrial era Natural way to exercise is walking, chopping wood, outdoor activities Standing work station [link] Treadmill work station [link] Design your lifestyle so that the gym is an option, not a necessity Strenuous gym activity will not improve your longevity Social engagement [38:25] Podcast: The Hidden Health Epidemic Nobody is Talking About It's impossible to simulate face to face interaction in a digital format Use the Internet as a means of facilitating F2F contact, not trying to simulate it (meetup.com) Drink healthy forms of alcohol [40:55] Ben's cocktail: Gin or vodka, on the rocks, wedge of lemon and house bitters FitVine Wine (discount code greenfield10 for 10% off) Podcast: Todd White of Dry Farm Wines Alcohol is toxic, but while too much can be harmful, a little bit can be efficacious Calorie restriction and fasting [44:15] Long time between meals, your body up regulates cellular autophagy (cleanup of cellular debris in your body) Intermittent fasting allows you to derive benefits of fasting without calorie restriction The Longevity Diet by Dr. Valter Longo Ben's fasting protocol: Quarterly 5 day period of calorie restriction Daily intermittent fast Monthly: Dinner to dinner fast Strong life purpose [48:05] Have a reason you exist, a mission statement, you can clearly articulate to yourself and others regardless of your circumstances My podcast with Mastin Kipp Claim Your Power: A 40-Day Journey to Dissolve the Hidden Blocks that Keep You Stuck and Finally Thrive in Your Unique Life's Purpose The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck by Mark Manson Low amounts of stress [50:40] Go for the low hanging fruit (natural stress relief) before using technology Our breath (prana) is a natural stress relief Box breathing Alternate nostril breathing 4-7-8 breathing Spiritual discipline and belief in a higher power [53:12] Believe we're more than blobs floating through the air, seeing who can accumulate the most trophies Physical intimacy [55:30] Nature doesn't want to keep organisms that aren't useful to its propagation Having sex regularly sends a message to Nature that you want to propagate the Earth -Advanced biohacking practices people are using on top of those already mentioned...57:35 Hormesis via hyper oxygenation (hyperbaric chamber) Hormesis via EWOT (exercise with oxygen therapy) Thermogenesis Cryotherapy chamber Full spectrum infrared sauna (Clearlight) UVA/UVB radiation Rhodiola Calorie restriction pneumatics Rapamycin Metformin Ketone esters Insulin stabilizing herbs and spices Ceylon cinnamon Apple cider vinegar Berberine [thorne link] Bitter melon extract Sirtuin activating compounds (stacs) Fisetin Quercetin Stem cells V cells Exosomes Foods that can enhance your own stem cell productioin Colostrum Chlorella Aloe vera Coffee berry fruit extract Ben Greenfield's ultimate anti-aging smoothie Peptides Joint degradation: BPC 157, TB 500 Mitochondria: Humanin, mots-c Thymus Epithalon C Max Mitochondrial support TRU Niagen Pau d'arco bark tea Glutathione Fish oil Telomeres Astragalus Trusii Hydrogen-rich water (enter code BEN at checkout and get 30% off) TA 65 TAM 818 (link?) -And much more... Resources mentioned: - Book: The End of Alzheimer's by Dale Bredesen - Book: Blue Zones by Dan Buettner - Book: The Plant Paradox by Dr. Steven Gundry - Book: Eating on the Wild Side by Joe Robinson - Book: The Longevity Diet by Dr. Valter Longo - My podcast with Mastin Kipp - Book: Claim Your Power: A 40-Day Journey to Dissolve the Hidden Blocks that Keep You Stuck and Finally Thrive in Your Unique Life's Purpose - Book: The Subtle Art of Not Giving a F*ck by Mark Manson - Rhodiola - Ketone esters - Ben Greenfield's ultimate anti-aging smoothie - BPC 157 and TB 500 - Thymus - Epithalon - TRU Niagen - Pau d'arco bark tea - Glutathione - Fish oil - Astragalus - Trusii Hydrogen-rich water (enter code BEN at checkout and get 30% off) - TA 65 - TAM 818 Episode Sponsors: -Kion: My personal playground for new supplement formulations. Ben Greenfield Fitness listeners receive a 10% discount off your entire order when you use discount code: BGF10. -Trusii: Contains a host of anti-inflammatory, anti-obesity, and anti-allergy benefits. For this reason, I have decided to now make consumption of hydrogen-rich water an important part of my daily nutritional routine...and I highly recommend it! Enter code: BEN at checkout and get 30% off your order! -Vuori: Activewear and athletic clothing for ultimate performance. Vuori is built to move and sweat in, yet designed with a West Coast aesthetic that transitions effortlessly into everyday life. Receive 25% off your first order when you use discount code: "ben25" -Policy Genius: Whether you're an insurance expert or a newbie, Policygenius created a website that makes it easy for you to compare quotes, get advice, and get covered. Got a question for me about today's podcast? Just leave a comment below and I'll reply!  
01:13:26 6/5/2019

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