Ben Greenfield Fitness: Diet, Fat Loss and Performance

The Man I Call "Scraper": Snowboard Shredding, Fascia Fluffing, Protective Chakra Energy Balls & Much More With Scott Dolly. I've met a lot of interesting characters and crazy cats in my life. Scott Dolly, AKA "The Scraper" (at least, that's what I call him) is no exception. I first met Scott in Costa Rica at a digital detox, hot yoga retreat and adventure getaway called "Runga". Yep, that's the same event at which I hung out with Eric, the guy I interviewed in the episode "How To Cure Yourself Of Cancer: An Epic Interview With A Man Who Defied Conventional Medicine & Cured Himself Of Prostate Cancer." and the same event founded by my buddy and Spartan racing bigwig Joe DiStefano, who I interviewed in the episode "Digital Detoxing, Travel-Proofing Your Immune System, Underground Body Weight Workouts & More With Joe DiStefano." A few months after Runga, Scott pulled up to my house in Spokane, WA in a big black SUV jam-packed with snowboarding equipment and a bag full of strange body adjusting and "scraping" tools. Our ensuing weekend together was a geekfest of biomechanics, physiology, fascia fixing, woo-woo chakra energy work and much more, and in today's episode, we take a deep dive into all that and much more. So who is Scott, exactly? Scott Dolly MS, ATC, CSCS is the owner/CEO and founder of Evolution Human Performance and Rehabilitation. He is a manual therapy and IASTM specialist who utilizes biomechanical movement analysis to locate imbalances and dysfunctions in the human body. Scott is a national and international speaker and educator in the field of sports medicine; and he has authored courses on I.A.S.T.M. and Advanced Training Science. Scott also serves as the Peak Performance columnist for Martial Arts Illustrated Magazine in the UK, through which his work reaches over a half million people worldwide. Scott has over 15 years' experience studying and working with the human body and he works with thousands of clients every year. He resides in Winchester, Virginia. His credentials and certifications include: -Master's Degree in Athletic Training: Shenandoah University -Undergraduate work in Biology and Physics: Shepherd University -Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist: National Strength and Conditioning Association -Instrument Assisted Soft Tissue Mobilization Specialist -Reiki Master: 11 years During our discussion, you'll discover: -The truth about whether foam rolling really works, and why Scott is a big fan of "butter knives" for your fascia...[14:45] -Why Scott said I needed to do more "closed kinetic chain exercises" when he analyzed my gait...[26:40] -How Scott helped a nervous guy on the chair lift using "distance healing" and Qi Gong...[41:30] -Scott's work in sound bowls and healing frequencies, and how he aligns that with being able to run a 4:40 mile, train NFL athletes and deadlift nearly 700 pounds...[46:30 & 56:30] -The protective "bubble" Scott drew around us inside the mountain lodge when we were snowboarding...[46:20] -Scott's experience with the one-inch-punch by a Shaolin monk...[59:50] -And much more... Resources from this episode: -"Gil Hedley: Fascia & Stretching: The Fuzz Speech" -Graston & Scraping tools on Amazon -Robert Peng: The Master Key Video Series -The artist Alex Grey -Singing bowls on Amazon -The one-inch punch Show Sponsors: biOptimzers - Crank your muscle gains to new heights by flooding your muscles with maximal amino acids without increasing your protein intake by a single gram. Go to to automatically get 10% off your order. MVMT Watches - The watchmaker's goal is to change the way consumers think about fashion by offering high quality minimalist products at revolutionary prices. Go to to get 15% off. Free shipping and free returns! Organifi - For the best tasting greens superfood blend, go to and use code 'BEN' for 20% off your first order. Marc Pro - Pain Relief and Faster Muscle Recovery Time. For a 5% discount, use promo code "BEN" at -Runga 2017: Dec 8-21, 2017 (you get to choose how long to stay!). RUNGA is a once a year retreat, currently hosted in December. RUNGA is designed to facilitate a dramatic shift in attendee's current outlook, lifestyle choices, self efficacy, motivation, love, even spirituality. The retreat spans 8-days and centers around fostering heightened awareness, presence, and connection with others through a mandatory "Digital Detox" - or no cell phones, computers, and other technology. Yoga is offered twice per day, everyday. There is also an off-site adventure ranging from hiking volcanoes to white water rafting or zip lining. World-class spa treatments are available and 100% of the food are suitable for vegetarian, vegan, paleo, gluten-free, or ketogenic dieters. They are also delicious. Click here to sign up. Use code BEN (or let them know I sent you) to get VIP treatment and a free gift valued at $100! Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Scott or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!

01:11:16 6/17/2017

Past Episodes When I was a fledgling fitness professional, one of the first books I ever read was "How To Eat, Move & Be Healthy", by Paul Chek. So it was a bit of a surreal experience to get to knock on Paul's front door a few weeks ago and join he and his family for an epic weekend of conversation, workouts, nature immersion, Paul's crazy daily habits (which you'll discover in this podcast episode). Who is Paul Chek, and I why would I travel all the way to the hilly backcountry of San Diego, California to interview him? Paul is an internationally-renowned expert in the fields of corrective and high-performance exercise kinesiology. For over twenty-five years, his unique, holistic approach to treatment and education has changed the lives of countless people worldwide - many of his clients, his students and their clients. By treating the body as a whole system and finding the root cause of a problem, Paul has been successful where traditional approaches have consistently failed. Paul is the founder of the C.H.E.K (Corrective Holistic Exercise Kinesiology) Institute, based in California, USA and the P~P~S Success Mastery Coaching Program. He is a sought-after presenter and has consulted for organizations such as the Chicago Bulls, Australia's Canberra Raiders, New Zealand's Auckland Blues, the US Air Force Academy and other elite organizations. He has produced over 60 DVDs and 17 advanced-level home study courses designed for the fitness and clinical professional. He is a strong believer in the essential role provided by practical training and has developed four Advanced Level Training programs to provide hands-on instruction for the exercise and health industries. Paul's CHEK Exercise Coach program introduces fitness and exercise professionals to an integrated approach to conditioning; the C.H.E.K Practitioner Program is a two to four year advanced level program teaching corrective exercise and high-performance conditioning; the Golf Performance Series focuses on functional conditioning for golfers; the Optimal Health and Fitness Through Practical Nutrition and Holistic Lifestyle Coaching Program contains three levels and shows how to reach optimal health from the inside out. Thousands of people worldwide have been trained in one or more of these challenging and elite level certification programs. Paul has also accrued three US patents for posture calibrating, hydrotherapy and equipment inventions, and has also designed several pieces of functional exercise equipment. During our discussion, you'll discover: -How Paul uses rocks and a stone circle for his morning workouts and meditations...[6:30] -Paul's water charging tower and exactly how he built it so that the water is charges from the rocks...[11:40 & 14:50] -The intriguing reason why you need to buy a lunar calendar...[22:30] -Why Paul found the 82nd Airborne Division to be easy...[26:40] -How you can use a smokeless vaporizer to vaporize mixes of teas, tobaccos and essential oils...[32:40] -Paul's morning meditation routine...[40:50] -The three extremely unique exercise patents that Paul holds...[46:45] -What Paul calls "the King of all stabilization exercises", and where you can find it...[62:40] -How Paul was the first person to begin the now popular practice of putting butter into coffee...[66:45] -Paul's unique combination of art therapy and plant based medicine...[72:45] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -All of Paul Chek's books -Chek Institute -Victor Schauberger -Lunar Calendar poster -A Cool, New Way To Scan, Interpret & Fix The Human Body's Electrical Field. -Volcano Vaporizer -Robert Peng's Qi Gong teachings on Amazon [envira-gallery id="36649"] Show Sponsors: -Kimera Koffee - Go to and use code 'BEN' to get 10% off! -Organifi - Go to Discount code BEN for 20% off your order! -Antrantil - For all of your Bloating, SIBO, IBS, Leaky Gut issues, go to Use code "BEN" at the checkout to get 15% off your order. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Paul or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
01:21:20 8/23/2017 I recently took a test that uses machine learning to predict biochemical test results (like blood, urine and stool) - a test called the "Elite Performance Analysis (EPA) tool". Over the last three years, the folks at Nourish Balance Thrive (Dr. Tommy Wood and Chris Kelly, both former podcast guests) who designed this test have worked with over 1,000 athletes, averaging over 100 biochemical markers collected per athlete, including: -Blood biochemistry -Urine tests (DUTCH and organic acids) -Stool tests (PCR and culture) -Subjective quality of life questions (a Health Assessment Questionnaire, or HAQ), scored on an analog scale (1-5) As well as working to optimize the performance of athletes at every level, another goal of Nourish Balance Thrive is to give more people access to the type of work they do by increasing speed of access and reducing cost. Machine learning provides for a very good way to do this. By training an algorithm based on historical HAQ and biochemical test data, they can predict five common patterns of performance killers that they regularly see in their clients, including: 1. Blood sugar dysregulation (high/low fasting blood sugar and HbA1c, or high fasting insulin) 2. Low sex hormones (testosterone in men and oestrogen in women) 3. Suboptimal hemoglobin ("low oxygen deliverability" <14.5 g/dl in men and <13 in women) 4. Gut dysbiosis (including clostridial and yeast overgrowths, parasites, and H. pylori) 5. Circadian/HPA axis dysregulation (total/free cortisol outside of the normal pattern during the day) Dr. Tommy Wood, who I interview on today's show, is a Senior Fellow at the University of Washington, and Chief Medical Officer of Nourish Balance Thrive, an online-based company using advanced biochemical testing to optimize performance in athletes. Close to 1,000 athletes have been through the Nourish Balance Thrive coaching program, from weekend warriors to Olympians and world champions, with hundreds of performance biomarkers available for each client. Based on their accumulated data, the team is using machine learning algorithms to rapidly and reliably predict common problems in athletes including low hemoglobin, low sex hormones, and gut dysbiosis. Tommy has a bachelor's degree in biochemistry from the University of Cambridge, a medical degree from the University of Oxford, and a PhD in physiology and neuroscience from the University of Oslo. He is President-elect of Physicians for Ancestral Health, and is on the scientific advisory board of Hintsa Performance. Alongside his career in medicine and research, Tommy has published and spoken on multiple topics surrounding functional and ancestral approaches to health, including examining the root causes of multiple sclerosis (paper, talk for the public, talk for physicians) and insulin resistance (published article). Tommy has also coached and competed in multiple sports including rowing, CrossFit, powerlifting, and ultra-endurance racing. During our discussion, you'll discover: -How a "machine algorithm" can predict gut dysbiosis issues such as yeast overgrowth and a urine organic acids test...[8:50] -The surprising fixes for low testosterone and hormonal imbalances in both men and women...[22:45] -Why Tommy is such a fan of chopping wood...[24:00] -The three powerful nutrients that can lower your blood glucose...[29:30] -How personal relationships and friends can affect your HPA axis and cortisol...[31:25] -Tommy's morning routine, including the one superfood he swears by...[36:45 & 39:25] -How Tommy uses blood flow restriction training...[41:05] -What Tommy's spiritual practice consists of...[43:45] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -Elite Performance Analysis (EPA) tool (click here to get it and you'll automatically get free tickets to the "Who Wants To Live Forever" Sep 8-11 Iceland conference and an in-person consultation with Tommy in Iceland!) -The results of my machine based learning test -My original podcast with Tommy - The Underground Test That Shows You How To Legally Upgrade Your EPO, Increase Your Oxygen Levels, Boost Your Red Blood Cells & Build Double-Digit Percentages In Power And Endurance. -Podcast: What Is An Organic Acids Test? -Podcast: Dr. Cowan's vegetable powder -Nourish Balance Thrive coaching program (follow this link to get a complementary one-hour 1-on-1 video conference call with Tommy). -Blood flow restriction bands -Christian Gratitude Journal -September 8-11, 2017: "Who Wants To Live Forever?" conference in Reykjavik, Iceland. Most of us not only want to have a long lifespan, but also a long health span; to be fit and healthy throughout the course of our lives. As we move into this unprecedented era of human history, a question arises: how far can the human health span be extended, and what are the most effective ways to achieve longevity? Join me and other health experts as we dive deep into this subject in the country with strongest and healthiest humans on the planet! Click here to register.* Podcast Sponsor: -BioTropic Labs - Go to and use code "benpod10" to save 10 per cent PLUS enter to win 1 of 5 awesome prize packs now! Winner will be announced August 29 on our Facebook page. *There is a Cycle Workshop as part of the "Who Wants To Forever" conference: In this workshop you'll cycle in and around the Reykjavik area with one of the most influential people in health and fitness (ME!), gaining direct access to my wealth of knowledge on how to optimize your performance. Among the things you will learn along the ride are: Breathing techniques to enhance your longevity and health. Modern and ancient techniques to harness the natural magnetic fields of the planet we live on. How to use heat and hypoxia to increase blood flow and maximize your response to training. Basic techniques for cold thermogenesis, how to use both cold and warm water exposure effectively. And much, much more! Sign up now - we're sure you don't want to miss this! Click here for the bike event only. But the podcast ain't all... addition to the podcast, Tommy, Chris and Megan Roberts MSc of Nourish Balance Thrive put together this comprehensive article all about the top five performance killers and the Nourish Balance Thrive (NBT) 7-Minute Elite Performance Analysis Tool. What's Killing Your Performance? Find Out In 7 Minutes! By Megan Roberts MSc, Christopher Kelly BSc, and Tommy Wood MD PhD from Nourish Balance Thrive As an athlete, you're always looking for the next way to gain that competitive edge. However, the journey to optimal health and peak performance can also be challenging and complex. For instance, despite doing everything "right", perhaps you've found that: Your top-end intensity just isn't accessible during your training. Your sleep isn't restorative. You suffer from regular gas and bloating. You're holding a few extra pounds around the middle. You get that 3pm slump like clockwork. Your libido is tanked. If you're struggling with any of the above, we have good news! In just 7 minutes you can dramatically accelerate your journey to optimal performance. This is the power of the Nourish Balance Thrive (NBT) 7-Minute Elite Performance Analysis Tool. Over the last three years, NBT has worked with over 1,000 athletes, averaging over 100 biochemical markers per athlete, including: Blood biochemistry Urine tests (DUTCH and organic acids) Stool tests (PCR and culture) Subjective quality of life questions (a Health Assessment Questionnaire, or HAQ), scored on an analog scale (1-5) In this article, you will discover how we have used this data, in conjunction with a machine learning algorithm, to determine the five most common performance killers our athletes are experiencing. Then we'll show you how we used the analysis to create a 7-minute questionnaire that can help you determine what's killing your performance on race day, in the bedroom, at work, or at home. The "Big 5" Performance Killers As well as working to optimize the performance of athletes at every level, another goal of NBT is to give more people access to the type of work we do, and increase the speed with which people can start addressing their health and performance in a personalised and targeted manner. Machine learning provides the best way to do this. By training an algorithm based on historical HAQ and biochemical test data, we can now accurately predict the five most common patterns of performance killers that we regularly see in our athletes: Low sex hormones Gut dysbiosis Blood sugar dysregulation Circadian dysregulation (and HPA axis dysfunction) Low oxygen deliverability (suboptimal hemoglobin) In this article we will discuss how each of the above can wreak havoc on your physiology, and some of the tools we use at NBT to re-establish optimal health and peak performance in our athletes. Low Sex Hormones What is it and how does it happen? Overtraining as well as under-fueling can wreak havoc on hormones. Low testosterone in men and oestradiol in women have both been associated with the negative energy availability often seen in overtrained athletes [1,2]. Endurance exercise seems to be particularly taxing on the reproductive hormones [3]. It has also been shown that free testosterone decreases (and cortisol increases) [4] following exhaustive exercise, which may increase the risk of a potential hormone imbalance in somebody that isn't training or recovering sensibly. Why should I care? Healthy levels of sex hormones are essential if you want to be able to go harder and faster (in more ways than one).Testosterone is an anabolic hormone that promotes healthy sex drive and reproductive function in both men and women. Low testosterone in male athletes has been associated with weaker bones, decreased exercise performance, increased risk for cardiovascular disease, and fertility problems including erectile dysfunction [1]. In women, healthy estrogen levels are associated with proper cognition and a decreased risk for cardiovascular and Alzheimer's disease. Low estrogen is associated with osteoporosis, irregular periods, low libido, stress fractures, decreased exercise performance, and potentially an increased risk of cardiovascular disease [5]. In contrast to testosterone and estrogen, the stress hormone cortisol is catabolic (i.e. it breaks things down, like muscle tissue). During times of stress, such as intense exercise, the body intelligently doesn't want to waste precious resources on long-term building projects such as digesting food, building muscle, reproduction, or immunity. As a result, cortisol rises during exercise and increases fatty acid mobilization and blood glucose for the working muscles and brain. However, some evidence suggests that the increase in cortisol in the post-exercise window is actually anabolic (i.e. it helps build muscle) [6]. This may even account for the observation that women get similar post-exercise muscle protein synthesis compared to men despite lower testosterone levels [7]. The kicker is that the acute cortisol response should be followed by a natural decrease back to baseline once balance is restored. However, our constantly stress-filled lives often cause cortisol to become dysregulated. It's important to recognize that cortisol isn't inherently bad, but too much (or even too little) can cause an undesirable metabolic state. How do I know if this is an issue for me? A high Cortisol/Testosterone ratio [8,9] The DUTCH test Subjective signs: poor libido, erectile dysfunction, amenorrhea (irregular or absent periods), poor exercise recovery, inability to put on lean muscle mass What steps do I take to fix it? Get quality sleep [10] Get adequate sunlight Strength train and/or chop wood! [11] Cold thermogenesis Red-light therapy More calories (or carbs) [12] [13] Ensure adequate micronutrients (including zinc [14] and boron [15]) Clean up environmental toxins: pesticides, BPA, phthalates, parabens, etc [16] [17] Gut Dysbiosis What is it and how does it happen? Hippocrates is credited with saying that "all disease begins in the gut." While intestinal permeability ("leaky gut") and dysbiosis (an imbalance of microorganisms living in the gut) are linked to autoimmune conditions, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and many of the chronic diseases of the modern day, these conditions are also associated with exercise - particularly exercise that is intense and prolonged, or performed in hot environments [18] [19,20]. Excessive highly-processed carbohydrates can even make things worse [21]! Opportunistic pathogens are also not uncommon in the athlete [22], and susceptibility to infection increases when traveling [23]. Additionally, overtraining and under-fueling may create a breeding ground for pathogenic gut bugs. Apart from extreme exercise, gut dysbiosis and intestinal permeability can be caused by excessive antibiotic use, living in an environment that is hyper-hygenic, and departures from ancestral diets. Why should I care? Gastrointestinal symptoms are among the top complaints of many athletes [24,25]. Exercise-induced gut permeability can cause a plethora of uncomfortable symptoms including gas, bloating, reflux, GI bleeding, and diarrhea [24,25]. Additionally, general dysbiosis and gut pathogens can be at the root of malabsorption, glucose intolerance, decreased cognition, inflammation, and susceptibility to illness and infection. Apart from the annoyance of having to plan your training route around the nearest toilet and the discomfort of gas and bloating, the condition of the gut is imperative for overall health. It's important not only to consider your short-term performance, but also your long-term health goals. Addressing your gut health today will almost certainly increase your athletic longevity and help you "achieve superhuman feats of physical and mental performance" (as Ben would say). How do I know if this is an issue for me? Stool tests to look for dysbiosis and opportunistic pathogens Organic acids test Subjective signs: gas, bloating, constipation, diarrhea, reflux, glucose intolerance, "brain fog" What steps do I take to fix it? Get to the root cause: diet, training load, and lifestyle. Follow a short-term elimination diet such as AIP or low FODMAP [26]. But recognize that this serves as symptom control and ultimately you should incorporate a wide variety of unprocessed plant and animal foods into your diet. Test for pathogens if necessary If positive, follow a "weeding" protocol with herbal antimicrobials. Then consider a "seeding" protocol with probiotics and prebiotics [27]. Re-test to confirm a successful treatment. Avoid NSAIDS [28]. Get fat-adapted [29]. Fat-adaptation allows you to: Go longer without food, giving your digestive system a break. This can be especially important in the case of bacterial overgrowth (SIBO). Not rely on exogenous carbohydrates during training. Blood Sugar Dysregulation What is it and how does it happen? Despite all of the metabolic benefits of moderate physical activity [30,31], blood sugar dysregulation is surprisingly common in endurance athletes. While we know that properly-timed carbohydrate ingestion can increase endurance performance [32], too many pre-race pasta dinners and sugar-laden gels and goos over the lifetime of an athlete may contribute to glucose intolerance [33]. Many young athletes mistakenly believe they can get away with diets high in refined carbohydrates, only to discover years down the road that they have become insulin resistant. In fact, Tim Noakes, the well-known South African professor of exercise physiology, turned his career on its head when he realized he had become insulin resistant after all those years of fueling his training and racing with refined carbohydrates. Ingesting heaps of refined carbs day in and day out can also add to exercise-induced gut distress that plagues many endurance athletes [21]. Finally, food intolerances that cause immune reactions can be another culprit for blood sugar dysregulation. Why should I care? Excessively high blood sugar and insulin can cause metabolic damage over time, leading to insulin resistance, cardiovascular disease, and type 2 diabetes. How do I know if this is an issue for me? High fasting blood sugar: 83-88 mg/dl is optimal [34-36] High HbA1c (a three month blood sugar average): 5.1-5.3 is optimal [37-39] High fasting insulin: less than 5 ??IU/ml is optimal Subjective signs: getting sleepy after eating carbs, waking up in the middle of the night because you're hungry, getting "hangry" in between meals What steps do I take to fix it? Eat less (refined) carbohydrate Track your fasting blood glucose If high, consider time restricted feeding or intermittent fasting, strength training and walking, sleep counseling and proper circadian rhythm entrainment, or a low carb or elimination diet. If low, look at your daily cortisol patterns and autonomic function (for instance using heart rate variability and/or organic acid testing) Track blood glucose after meals with Robb Wolf's 7-day carb test Try Hormetea - our very own tea that includes multiple ingredients that help to regulate blood sugar. Circadian Dysregulation (And HPA Axis Dysfunction) What is it and how does it happen? Circadian rhythm refers to the biological clock within each of us. Circadian rhythms are so crucial to health that they are found in all organisms [40]. External stimuli, called zeitgebers, such as light and food help to synchronize (or disrupt) our circadian rhythm. There are many reasons for circadian disruption; ultimately it comes down to our modern lifestyle. Here are some of the usual suspects: Too much blue light at night [41] and/or too little in the morning [42] Chronic stress Shift work [43] Caffeine too late in the day Alcohol [44,45] Neurotransmitter imbalances [46] A poor sleep environment [47] Cortisol production has a clearly-defined circadian rhythm [48]. It peaks in the morning (cortisol awakening response), gradually declines throughout the day, and should be lowest at night before bed. A dysregulated cortisol pattern (or what some people refer to as "adrenal fatigue" and now, more correctly, HPA axis dysregulation) is often indicative of chronic stress and underlying circadian rhythm disruption. Why should I care? Adhering to the old saying "I'll sleep when I'm dead" will only make you die faster. Sleep deprivation and circadian disruption have been linked to many areas of health and disease that both athletes and the general population care about. These include: Athletic performance [49] Insulin resistance and glucose intolerance [50,51] The gut microbiome [52] Cognitive and motor performance [53] General hormonal balance [54] Cortisol production [55] Cardiovascular function and disease risk [56] Mood [57] Cancer [58,59] Immune function [60] Alzheimer's disease [61,62] Neurogenesis [63] How do I know if this is an issue for me? If any of the modern lifestyle suspects listed above resonate with you, then it's likely your circadian rhythm isn't optimized. But the extent to which this is a problem is often hard to tell. This is where the DUTCH test comes in. This cutting-edge dried urine test will give you an accurate idea of your cortisol (both free and total) throughout the day. Additionally, the following subjective signs may clue you in to circadian disruption: Feeling both tired and wired before bed Waking up in the middle of the night to urinate Never feeling like your sleep is restful Having large swings in energy levels throughout the day Taking forever to fall asleep What steps do I take to fix it? Get bright light (preferably outdoors) in the morning [42,64] Avoid blue light at night [41,65] Eat when it's light out [66] Practice stress management and gratitude [67,68] Unplug the wifi and use airplane mode [69] Make your bedroom environment conducive to sleep: dark, cool room using white noise or earplugs [70] Go camping [71] Stick to a schedule [72] Low Oxygen Deliverability (Suboptimal Hemoglobin) What is it and how does it happen? Hemoglobin (Hb) is an iron-containing oxygen-transport protein and the main constituent of red blood cells. Because it delivers oxygen to the muscles, Hb is a critical determinant of aerobic exercise performance. Not surprisingly, greater levels of Hb are associated with higher VO2max [73]. There are three main reasons that Hb might be out of the optimal range: Reduced production Assuming there is adequate stimulation of Hb from testosterone and erythropoietin (EPO), a number of nutrients are required for red blood cell production (a.k.a. hemopoiesis); namely iron, copper, zinc, B6, B12, and folate. A deficiency of any of these nutrients can cause a decrease in Hb and thus exercise performance. Although just a theory of ours, another reason for poor oxygen deliverability could be chronically high blood sugar levels. High blood glucose may arrest the production of porphyrin (the backbone of the hemoglobin molecule), reducing overall capacity to make Hb [74]. Increased destruction Even if red blood cell production is adequate, destruction may be excessive due to inflammation and oxidative stress damaging the cell membrane. The most common causes of inflammation and oxidative stress are food sensitivities, excessive exercise [75], and environmental toxins [76]. Increased loss Anything that causes blood loss can reduce your Hb. This includes heavy menstruation [77], intense or prolonged endurance exercise [78], or a hidden gut injury [79]. Why should I care? Since Hb is a determinant of endurance performance, you might be thinking, "the more, the better, right?" Sadly, it's not so simple. Iron, a major component of hemoglobin, has a tight "goldilocks" zone: too little will hurt performance [80], but too much can cause long-term oxidative damage [81,82]. Increased iron stores may provide short-term performance benefits (due to greater Hb and oxygen deliverability); however, iron-induced oxidative stress can be detrimental to long-term health and end up reducing performance. Specifically at NBT, we see this pattern in many master's age endurance athletes who tend towards iron overload. Iron overload is also associated with type 2 diabetes [83] as well as increased homocysteine, which is another risk marker for cardiovascular disease [84]. On the flip side, endurance athletes (particularly menstruating women or vegetarians/vegans restricting foods high in iron) can also be susceptible to iron deficiency. In fact, studies have shown that supplementing iron in such populations can increase exercise performance [85]. How do I know if this is an issue for me? Organic acids test: oxidative damage and antioxidant markers - indicate potential red blood cell damage Deficiencies in iron, copper, zinc, B6, B12, and folate Blood chemistry values: RBC - total number of red blood cells (RBC) Hemoglobin Hematocrit - percent volume of RBCs in centrifuged blood MCV - average volume of RBCs MCH - average mass of Hb per RBC MCHC - average concentration of Hb in RBCs RDW - measurement of the variation in size of RBCs Failure to increase endurance performance despite training What steps do I take to fix it? Fix the root causes of inflammation and oxidative stress: Overtraining Gut dysbiosis Inappropriate diets Iron overload - donating blood can increase Hb! Environmental toxin exposures It's All Interconnected In our experience from working with over 1,000 athletes at NBT, it's highly likely that once you fix your major underlying performance killer, many of your other health concerns will also improve. By taking a holistic approach and addressing the person rather than the symptom, it becomes clear that all of the above areas are connected. Here are a few examples of how performance killers can be downstream of one and other: Sex hormones affect athletic performance and the HPA axis. Gut health impacts systemic inflammation and blood sugar regulation as well as the availability of vitamins and minerals needed for hormone and red blood cell production. Blood glucose dysregulation can impact sleep [86]. Iron overload can feed pathogenic organisms. Sleep and circadian rhythm disruption affects sex hormones, glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, the gut microbiome, and overall athletic performance. What's Next? Whether you're a hard-charging athlete or the average Joe/Jill, we are passionate about helping you reach peak performance and optimal health. If you haven't completed your free 7-minute analysis, click HERE to discover what's killing your performance. If you have completed your 7-minute analysis and have more questions, set up a free 20-minute consultation with one of the team by clicking HERE. Once you identify your top performance killers, it's easy to dive straight into our Elite Performance Program and renew your journey to achieving what really matter to you! Click HERE to take the 7-minute analysis and discover what's killing your performance! How Does A Machine Know All Of This? Under the hood, the 7-minute analysis uses a powerful boosted decision tree machine learning library called XGBoost. Remember the last time you called your cell phone provider? Press #1 for sales, #2 for customer service. That's a decision tree. Now imagine rather than pressing a key, we're looking at one of the answers you gave to the HAQ questions. When you combine hundreds or even thousands of these trees, the accuracy of the predictions is astonishing, and XGBoost is frequently the special sauce used in the winning entry of many Kaggle machine learning competitions. To illustrate the accuracy of the 7-minute analysis, let's define sensitivity and specificity. Sensitivity is the ability of the machine to correctly identify an individual with a given performance killer (i.e. a true positive). Specificity is the ability of the machine to correctly identify an individual who does not suffer from a given performance killer (i.e. a true negative). Below are the stats for each of the machine's predictions: Blood glucose dysregulation: 80% sensitivity, 98% specificity Low hemoglobin: 94-100% sensitivity, 97-98% specificity Low sex hormone levels: 83-97% sensitivity, 100% specificity Presence of GI pathogens: 82-98% sensitivity, 98-100% specificity Dysregulation of diurnal cortisol rhythm: 87% sensitivity, 100% specificity Bottom line, we have a high confidence that the algorithm can correctly identify your top performance killer and help us help you get the most out of your performance! View all article references here. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Tommy or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!
53:54 8/21/2017 The last few times I've visited LA, I've had the privilege of getting my butt kicked in boxing and sparring with an English former professional boxer who won a bronze medal in the 2008 Summer Olympics, was a 7 time national champion boxer, and was undefeated in the sport all the way up to his 2012 retirement. His name is Tony Jeffries, and in this episode, you get to tune in as Tony descends upon my home in Spokane, WA to podcast in my own backyard - just after our sparring session in my basement and workout on my home obstacle course. Originally from Sunderland, England, Tony Jeffries moved to Los Angeles, California after being forced to retire from his career as professional boxer due to hand injuries. It was in LA that Tony met business partner, Kevan Watson. The pair started teaching boxing classes on Santa Monica Beach for which demand grew so much that the two are now proud owners of two of Southern California's most prestige boxing gyms, Box 'N Burn. Ranked number 1 gym in California by Men's Fitness Magazine and named number 1 boxing class in LA by Time Out magazine, Box 'N Burn provides clients - which for Tony, now includes the likes of Chris Hemsworth, Travis Barker, Tim Tebow and singer/songwriter Skyler Grey - with a highly effective, unique workout, teaching them real boxing technique through 1-on-1 mitt work. World-class athlete turned businessman, Tony, is also co-creator of the Box 'N Burn Academy - the world's number 1 boxing fitness and certification course for Personal Trainers and fitness enthusiasts. Tony shares his motivation and passion for both business and boxing through his weekly Box 'N Life podcast. Hosted with Head Trainer of Box 'N Burn Santa Monica, Glenn Holmes, the two have featured notable names from the worlds of business, fighting, and the arts on the show, including Gary Vaynerchuck, Dan Pena, Chris Shifflet and Brendan Schaub to name a few! During our discussion, you'll discover: -What Tony thinks about the upcoming Connor Mcgregor vs. Floyd Mayweather fight...[8:10] -How common TBI's are and if Tony has had to deal with concussions/concussion repair...[13:50] -What the training regimen of a professional boxer looks like...[21:20] -What the physiological requirements of boxing are...[33:00] -How the box n' burn sessions work...[36:15] -Tony's recommendations to anybody who wants to step into the ring and fight...[43:00] -What got Tony into boxing in the first place...[47:10] -How Tony came to be undefeated...[48:10] Resources from this episode: -Tony's Box n' Burn gyms -Box n' Burn academy -Teloyears podcast -Concussion Repair Manual by Dr. Dan Engle -Peak Brain Institute -Professor In The Cage book Show Sponsors: -Four Sigmatic - Go to and use couple code "BENGREENFIELD" for 15% off. -HealthGains - Text the word "GAIN" to 313131 for $250 off any HealthGains treatment. -Antrantil - For all of your Bloating, SIBO, IBS, Leaky Gut issues, go to Use code "BEN" at the checkout to get 15% off your order. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Tony or me? Leave your comments below and one of us will reply!
54:36 8/19/2017 From relaxation, to quelling appetite, to killing pain, I've recently been using an herb called "Kratom" (ever since I injured my back several months ago and I needed something other than an opioid based painkiller to stop the discomfort and allow me to sleep and engage in my normal day-to-day function). When I first used Kratom, I felt the effects within minutes - and also experienced a pleasant euphoria, and even a drop in appetite, with none of the side effects of a painkiller and none of the psychosis of something like marijuana. Advocates say the herb kratom offers relief from pain, depression, and anxiety. Scientists say it may hold the key to treating chronic pain and may even be a tool to combat addiction to opioid medications. But the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) is now trying to ban this potent herb, citing an "imminent hazard to public safety." So is kratom safe? Addictive? How do you use it? What are the different strains? What else can kratom be used for? In today's podcast with Chris Bell, you'll discover the answers to all these questions and much more. This is a must listen, in my opinion, especially since President Trump just declared the opioid crisis in America a "national emergency". Chris "Boar" Bell is an American director, producer and writer, known for his documentaries Bigger, Stronger, Faster and Trophy Kids and Prescription Thugs. He is the brother of Mark Bell and Mike Bell, both of whom were featured in Bigger, Stronger, Faster. In 1997, Bell obtained his Bachelor of Arts in Film Production from the University of Southern California. He currently resides in California, where founded his film production company Bigger Stronger Faster Inc, which is devoted to producing educational documentaries, films, and TV shows... ...Chris also happens to be an expert in all things kratom, and even claims in this video that kratom is "the cure for the opioid epidemic". During our discussion, you'll discover: -How Chris went from being in intense pain 24-7 to nearly destroying his stomach with ibuprofen and advil to being completely addicted to opioid based painkillers...[8:55] -How Chris originally discovered kratom...[20:50] -What kratom is and where it comes from...[23:45 & 25:00] -How you feel when you take kratom...[26:05] -The difference between the different kratom strains, like red, white and green...[27:25] -Whether kratom is safe on the organs...[31:15] -Where Ben and Chris get their kratom...[38:20 & 40:45] -Whether kratom is addictive or habit-forming...[42:15] -If kratom is banned by WADA or USADA...[47:10] -Whether kratom can be combined with anything to enhance its effects...[50:50, 52:50 & 54:00] -How long kratom takes to "hit your system" and how long it lasts...[59:25] -The new kratom documentary Chris is working on...[60:30] -And much more... Resources from this episode: -Coastline Kratom that Ben uses (use 5% discount "c513g2") -Urban Ice Kratom that Chris uses (use code BEN10 for 10% discount) -My podcast on "Drug Dealer, MD" -Leaf Of Faith Instagram Show Sponsors: -Rover - The nation's largest network of 5-star pet-sitters. Go to and use promo code "BEN" to get $25 off. -Kettle & Fire - Go to and get 20% off your order or chicken broth! -Organifi - Go to Discount code BEN for 20% off your order! -Podchaser - Want to help me make this podcast even bigger? For the next week or so, you can visit the site and leave ratings and reviews for episodes you want to see commemorated. To keep it simple ? 1. Head to 2. Log into Podchaser. New user? If so, enter "Patreon" to get FREE access. 3. Rate and review your favorite episodes! Don't forget to log in and vote. Thanks in advance for your support! Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Chris or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
01:09:43 8/16/2017 Joe DiStefano is the Head of Sport for Spartan Race and creator of RUNGA. He has a B.S. in Exercise and Sports Science from Fitchburg State University, and he is pursuing a master's degree in Sports Psychology. Certified through the NASM as a Performance Enhancement Specialist and Corrective Exercise Specialist, he is also a Strength and Conditioning Specialist through the NSCA, is RKC certified and has been trained at the C.H.E.K Institute as a Holistic Nutrition and Lifestyle Coach. Over the past decade, DiStefano has worked as a health and performance coach and a serial entrepreneur. Prior to joining Spartan Race, he oversaw the development of more than 100 women-only personal training studios across the U.S. His specialties include corrective exercise, nutrition, stress management, human psychology and business development. He's been a previous podcast guest on the episode "Digital Detoxing, Travel-Proofing Your Immune System, Underground Body Weight Workouts & More With Joe DiStefano", and also introduced me to two former extremely popular guests who I met at his "Runga" digital detox event in Costa Rica last year - Eric Remensperger from the episode "How To Cure Yourself Of Cancer: An Epic Interview With A Man Who Defied Conventional Medicine & Cured Himself Of Prostate Cancer" and Scott Dolly from "The Man I Call "Scraper": Snowboard Shredding, Fascia Fluffing, Protective Chakra Energy Balls & Much More With Scott Dolly." During today's discussion with Joe, you'll discover: -Why Joe is such a fan of kettlebell yoga and the RKC certification...[12:40] -The concept that all you should ever really do is 10 reps for any given exercise in the weight room...[18:20] -The "high volume-low intensity" approach Joe uses, and the five pieces of cardio equipment that will give you the most bang for your buck...[30:40 & 41:30] -Why Ben has become such a fan of green tea, and whether he'll ever drink coffee again...[50:25] -Joe and Ben's go-to source for stevia...[58:35] -The #1 supplement that Joe and Ben now use for enhancing sleep and longevity...[62:50] -A can't-miss adventure in Panama that Joe has designed...[71:25] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -Kettlebell Yoga 1 -Kettlebell Yoga 2 -Alternating 45's Joe's main social media accounts: -Dan John - Mass Made Simple interview -The RKC certification -Hobie Call's How to Train for Obstacle Course Racing -The AirDyne bike -Ski Erg -Concept 2 -Elliptical trainer -VersaClimber -The 30 Days No Alcohol Experiment: Part 2 (What Happens When You Quit Alcohol Cold Turkey). -The 30 Days No Alcohol Experiment: Part 1 (What Happens When You Quit Alcohol Cold Turkey). -Swannies blue light blocking glasses -Sleep apnea app "Apnea Diver" -Omica Organics CBD and stevia -NatureCBD -Liposomal Vitamin C -How To Use Ketones For Longevity, How I Personally Use Ketone Salts & A New Chemical-Free, Clean Way To Get Into Ketosis. -Runga 2017: Dec 8-21, 2017 (you get to choose how long to stay!). RUNGA is a once a year retreat, currently hosted in December. RUNGA is designed to facilitate a dramatic shift in attendee's current outlook, lifestyle choices, self efficacy, motivation, love, even spirituality. The retreat spans 8-days and centers around fostering heightened awareness, presence, and connection with others through a mandatory "Digital Detox" - or no cell phones, computers, and other technology. Yoga is offered twice per day, everyday. There is also an off-site adventure ranging from hiking volcanoes to white water rafting or zip lining. World-class spa treatments are available and 100% of the food are suitable for vegetarian, vegan, paleo, gluten-free, or ketogenic dieters. They are also delicious. Click here to sign up. Use code BEN (or let them know I sent you) to get VIP treatment, $10 off your registration and a free gift valued at $100! Show Sponsors: -ZipRecruiter - Post jobs on ZipRecruiter for FREE by visiting -HealthIQ - To learn more about life insurance for physically active people and get a free quote, go to -HealthGains - Text the word "GAIN" to 313131 to receive a $150 voucher toward your first GAINSWave treatment at any of the 60 participating physicians nationwide. Or go to and click 'Find A Doctor' to locate a GAINSWave provider near you. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Joe or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
01:24:19 8/12/2017 Aug 9, 2017 Podcast: 372 - The Best "Minimalist" Exercise Plan, How Guys Can "Get It Up" Better, How To Calm Down After Stress, and Why So Many Products Have Caffeine. Have a podcast question for Ben? Click the tab on the right (or go to SpeakPipe), use the Contact button on the app, call 1-877-209-9439, or use the "Ask Ben" form at the bottom of this page. In intro and outro, Ben mentions 110% compression pants, the eng3 NanoVi device, Qi Gong master Chris Holder and Paul Chek and a Magic Flight box. News Flashes [6:44]: Keys to bad-ass, track-record-breaking longevity? Naps, time outdoors and gardening apparently. Yet another host of amazing tips from a Japanese centenarian. Wow. 256 Years Old Man Breaks The Silence Before His Death And Reveals SHOCKING Secrets To The World. Brain cells that control aging discovered - seem to be in same areas of brain associated with stress huh? Science Points to the Single Most Valuable Personality Trait. You can receive these News Flashes (and more) every single day, if you follow Ben on,,,, and Google+. Special Announcements [17:30]: This podcast is brought to you by: -Casper - Get $50 toward any mattress purchase by visiting and using BEN. -Blue Apron - Check out this week's menu and get your first three meals FREE - with shipping - by going to -Atrantil - Go to and use the code Ben for 15% off. -Kettle and Fire - Go to and get 20% off your order. -Podchaser Contest - Don't forget to log in and vote by heading to now. Enter code "Patreon". -Click here to follow Ben on Snapchat, and get ready for some epic stories on his morning, daily and evening routine! What did you miss this week? A clay mask, a park workout, a morning routine change-up, an epic post-race salad and more. Ben's Adventures [26:20]: -NEW! Click here for the official BenGreenfieldFitness calendar. -Ben is racing on the Spartan Pro Team for 2017! You can catch him at any of these races below and you can click here to register: -The Ascent, West Virginia, August 26 -Lake Tahoe, Spartan World Championships, September 30 - October 1 -August 12th and 13th Montage Deer Valley Park City, UT: Ultimate Achiever's Club. Ben will be speaking to the finest group of chiropractors on the planet! -Aug 16-17 San Francisco: Udemy. Ben will be filming in San Francisco for Udemy. -Sep 8-11, 2017: Who Wants To Live Forever Conference in Reykjavík, Iceland. Most of us not only want to have a long lifespan, but also a long healthspan; to be fit and healthy throughout the course of our lives. As we move into this unprecedented era of human history, a question arises: how far can the human healthspan be extended, and what are the most effective ways to achieve longevity? Click here for tickets! -Oct 13-15, 2017: Biohacker Summit, Helsinki, Finland. This event is the focal point for learning faster, performing better, living longer, and enjoying more what you wake up to do every day. Discover the latest in wearables, internet of things, nutrition, digital health, and mobile apps to increase performance, be healthier, stay fit, and get more done. Get your tickets here! -November 10-13: Weston A. Price Foundation Wise Traditions Conference, Minneapolis, MN. I'll be speaking at the 18th annual conference that covers everything from hormone health, adrenal and thyroid health, natural fertility, degenerative diseases, to traditional diets and food preparation & more. Learn how to improve your health through food, farming and the healing arts. Click here to register. -Dec 7-9, 2017: XPT Experience, Kauai, Hawaii. Join me, Brian Mackenzie, Kelly Starrett, Julia Starrett, Laird Hamilton and Gabby Reece, for an epic, all-inclusive performance living workshop this Dec 7, 8 and 9 in beautiful Kauai, Hawaii. Come and join us for pool training, underwater workouts, gym training, breathing instruction, outdoor workouts, recovery biohacking and much more! Get your tickets here. -Dec 11-23, 2017: Runga Retreat, Cambutal, Panama. This retreat spans 8-days and centers around fostering heightened awareness, presence, and connection with others through a mandatory "Digital Detox" - or no cell phones, computers, and other technology. Yoga is offered twice per day, everyday. There is also an off-site adventure ranging from hiking volcanoes to white water rafting or zip lining. World-class spa treatments are available and 100% of the food are suitable for vegetarian, vegan, paleo, gluten-free, or ketogenic dieters. Get your tickets here, and use code BEN for $10 off. Giveaway: Grab this Official Ben Greenfield Fitness Gear package that comes with a tech shirt, a beanie and a water bottle. And of course, this week's top iTunes review - gets some BG Fitness swag straight from Ben - click here to leave your review for a chance to win some! Click here to get gift packs! ------------------------------------------ Listener Q&A [29:40]: As compiled, deciphered, edited and sometimes read by Brock Armstrong, the Podcast Sidekick. The Best "Minimalist" Exercise Plan knralph says: I am stuck. I exercise a lot and I do CrossFit everyday plus a lot of heavy weight lifting. I spend a lot of time in the gym. I have knee pain and I know this is a waste of time. I am wondering how I can responsibly reduce the amount of exercise I do everyday and not gain weight. I eat keto and follow Paleo and Whole30 and enjoy it. In my response, I recommend: -My How To Look Good Naked & Live A Long Time article -My podcast on Vasper -My podcast on ARXFit How Guys Can "Get It Up" Better Marvin says: I am 30-years-old and have trouble getting an erection. I think it may because I work too much. I mostly work, lifting heavy things, I may not eat the proper foods and I party a lot and smoke. I do things that I know I shouldn't that probably affect my performance in bed. But I am hoping you can give me some pointers to enlighten my performance. In my response, I recommend: -GainsWave -Examine Research Digest -Multiorgasmic man book -17 Ways To Biohack Testosterone How To Calm Down After Stress Derek says: I am an Opera Singer living in Germany. After my performances I think I have built up a lot of stress hormones and adrenalin and I am wondering what I should do to help my body process these? From all your fans in Germany: Vielen Dank! In my response, I recommend: -Alternate Nostril Breathing -CBD -Quick Coherence Technique -Inner Peace herbal adaptogen -Circadia device Why So Many Products Have Caffeine Stef says: So the Keto1 supplement has caffeine in it. It doesn't say how much caffeine though. Why do so many of these products, that are supposed to make you feel great, have caffeine in them? Of course you feel great - you're having caffeine! In my response, I recommend: -My article on Keto1 Prior to asking your question, do a search in upper right-hand corner of this website for the keywords associated with your question. Many of the questions we receive have already been answered here at Ben Greenfield Fitness! Ask Your Question [gravityform id="2" name="Ask Ben" title="false" description="false"] -----------------------------------------------------
01:16:12 8/10/2017 Last week, podcaster and comedian Joe Rogan interviewed (click here to watch or listen) a woman who calls herself the "SciBabe" (Yvette d'Entremont) about her juicy, controversial, attention-grabbing article on The Outline entitled "Chiropractors Are Bullshit". Now don't get me wrong - Yvette has some interesting ideas and I appreciate both her willingness to question some of the more radical aspects of alternative medicine and potential quackery, as well as her ability to keep us all on our feet and wary of being duped by ineffective therapies. She's even been a podcast guest on my episode "Is The Food Babe Really Full Of Sh*t?". At the same time, I see a chiropractor regularly. Some of my dear friends are chiropractors. From sacroiliac joint issues to neck pain to digestive problems, chiropractors have fixed my body many a time. So I wanted to give someone from the chiropractor community a chance to speak up on the actual science and evidence-based research of chiropractic medicine. Enter Dr. Jason Jaeger, DC, FCBP. Jason is a chiropractic physician at Advanced Spine & Posture in Las Vegas. He has practiced since 1999 and has been a chiropractic physician in Las Vegas since 2001 where he has brought his passion for health and wellness to the community that he and his family have called home since the late 1940's. He is the Administrative Director of Aliante Integrated Physical Medicine, one of Nevada's leading integrated physical medicine practices. Dr. Jaeger is one of only approximately 1000 chiropractors around the world trained in Chiropractic BioPhysics®, a technique which corrects and restores the spine back to alignment, and one of only 19 instructors for the CBP technique. Dr. Jaeger is also Board Certified in Nevada in CBP®. He is the developer of the Universal Tractioning System (UTS) and received the "2014 Researcher of the Year" award for the Advancement of Chiropractic Science at the Annual Chiropractic BioPhysics® Research Symposium held in New York City. Dr. Jaeger attended the University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) during his undergraduate program and graduate school at Southern California University of Health Sciences (SCUHS). As class representative and Student American Chiropractic Association Vice President SCUHS chapter, he successfully lobbied in Washington D.C. for such issues as Medicare and HMO reform. Dr. Jaeger participated in a rotation through Cal State Northridge's prestigious Physical Therapy program where he successfully integrated neuro-musculoskelatal therapies on paralysis and stroke victims. Dr. Jaeger currently holds adjunct faculty positions at Southern California University of Health Sciences in Whittier, CA; Cleveland Chiropractic College in Kansas City, KS; Parker University in Dallas, TX; and Palmer Chiropractic University in Davenport, IA. He is the Secretary of the International Chiropractic Association's (ICA) Research and Guidelines committee (FACTS). Dr. Jaeger is a professional speaker and has lectured throughout the United States, Europe and Australia on spinal biomechanics, research and the clinical work he has performed. He is a published author in the peer-reviewed literature on clinical biomechanics. Dr. Jaeger is a literature-reviewing doctor for the International Chiropractic Association's Best Practices Guidelines, a guideline recognized & accepted federally by the National Clearinghouse of Guidelines. He is a past board member for the Nevada Chiropractic Association (NCA), is a current board member for the Nevada Chiropractic Council (NCC) and has been deemed an expert by the courts in the State of Nevada. During our discussion, you'll discover: -What Jason thinks of Yvette's statement that "little more than the buffoonery of a 19th-century lunatic who derived most of his medical theory from seances"...[8:00] -Whether those in chiropractic medicine actually respect Daniel David Palmer, founder of chiropractic medicine...[11:42] -Whether it is true that "The defining principle of chiropractic is that health is a state that can be either maintained or lost due to vertebral subluxations"...[13:30] -The type of chiropractic care Jason practices, and the difference between evidence based chiropractic care and "quacks"...[22:40] -What Jason's schooling looked like, and whether it is true that 100% of chiropractic docs graduate from their institution...[26:20] -How big of a problem is "quackery" in chiropractic care, and Jason's thoughts on some of the people Yvette discusses in her article, like Josh Axe, Billy Demoss, and Eric Berg...[30:40] -Where medicine and supplements fit into Jason's practice, and whether his supplements are regulated...[41:00 & 45:50] -What Jason thinks about infant chiropractic care...[47:00] -How you can know if you're getting a "good" vs. a "bad" chiropractic doc...[52:05] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -The Joe Rogan podcast in which Joe interviews SciBabe Yvette d'Entremont about her article "Chiropractors Are Bullshit". -Ben Greenfield's previous interview with Yvette: "Is The Food Babe Really Full Of Sh*t?" -Article: The Sci Babe is Neither Scientist Nor Babe: She's Bullshit -Dr. Isaac Jones podcast interview on 5 hidden causes of fatigue -Functional Medicine Practitioner directory -Ideal Spine Practitioner directory -Best Practices for Chiropractic Care of Children: A Consensus Update. But the podcast ain't all... addition to the interview with Jason, my friend and chiropractic physician Dr. Patrick Gentempo penned his own response to the Joe Rogan interview. Over the course of three decades Dr. Gentempo has built one of the most reputable and recognized names within all of Chiropractic by leveraging tenacity of conviction and unrivaled business acumen. His name has become synonymous with innovation. a mindset which has spawned a myriad of liberating business ventures that all work toward a legacy level goal- to elevate chiropractic in a way never before attempted. Dr. Gentempo has taken a hands on role and has shaped the core business strategy and market entry approach. His direct involvement has been critical for establishing operating philosophies and aligning partnerships that facilitate a purpose driven business model which will ultimately inspire more doctors to serve more people. He is the Chairman on Circle of Docs, a website dedicated to chiropractors. Here's what Dr. Gentempo had to say... The Case for Chiropractic: An Appeal to Open and Rational Minds in Healthcare Introduction Doctors of chiropractic practice throughout the world and in the U.S. are licensed to practice in all 50 states. Although the basic science and clinical science research supporting chiropractic is robust and very compelling, the overwhelming number patient testimonials regarding their experience with chiropractic care is truly remarkable. Most pro sports franchises have team chiropractors. Many celebrities, entertainers and rock bands travel with chiropractors. I have personally taken care of celebrity athletes and have toured with a very famous rock-n-roll band. However, the chiropractic profession, even after over 100 years of extraordinary results serving countless millions of people, remains the target of illiterate controversy and imbecilic attacks. Many in the profession believed that after a United States federal court in September of 1987 found the American Medical Association guilty of Anti-Trust as it conspired to "contain and eliminate the chiropractic profession, that these unfounded and malicious attacks would end. Although many medical doctors regularly refer patients to chiropractors and personally utilize their services, the attacks and misinformation continues. Let me say that this article is not meant to be an anti-medicine rant, although since the practice of medicine is the standard that many use to judge chiropractic, certain data must be brought to light. I appeal to the reader to, for a few moments, suspend conventional, indoctrinated thinking relative to healthcare so the perhaps a new and better understanding can emerge. In many respects, chiropractic is for the pioneer, the forward thinker. The person who has a bias toward a more natural approach to life and healing. It is indisputable that for over 100 years, chiropractic has radically and positively transformed the lives of many, many people throughout the world. The question is: why? Volumes of books have been published to more fully answer this question. My attempt here is to give a brief summary that organizes the logic and thinking around a truly unique and powerful service to humanity, chiropractic. History Of Chiropractic (Was D.D. Palmer A Quack?) The birth of chiropractic occurred in 1895 after the founder of chiropractic, D.D. Palmer, had given what he described as a specific spinal adjustment to a partially deaf man named Harvey Lillard, resulting in the restoration of his hearing. Many detractors refer to this as a myth and incorrectly cite that there is no physiological basis for this account. In fact, there are many published cases of improved hearing after chiropractic care. These reports, published in refereed, peer-reviewed scientific journals come from around the world. Here is a link to a review article published in a trade publication by Dr. Christopher Kent, who has assembled some of these references and proposes some of the neurological mechanisms. On a personal note, in my own practice experience, I have had patients with hearing deficits experience marked improvement in their hearing as a result of chiropractic adjustments. One story I'd like to share occurred within my first year of practice. A gentleman in his late 60s, let's call him Stan, came into my office with primary complaints of low back and neck pain. He had hearing aids in both ears and had a significant hearing deficit for over 10 years. After Stan's first adjustment, he left the office. A few minutes later he came walking back in. He had tears in his eyes. I saw him in the reception room and quickly approached to see what happened. He asked, "Is it possible that what you did cured my hearing loss?" I replied, "Yes, as a matter of fact, that is the first case chiropractic was founded on." He sobbed as he said, "Normally in my car, I have to turn the radio volume all the way up to hear it. I just now barely cracked the knob and I heard it clearly!" He then hugged me with quite a bit of force (he was a big guy), turned and left. Now, this is an 'anecdote' and some may say, "it doesn't matter". But I will tell you, it mattered to Stan. And it mattered to me. We can debate the probability of a chiropractic adjustment being able to restore hearing deficits and it is a worthy debate. But personally, I have zero tolerance of fools who shrilly cry, "there is no plausible explanation for the Harvey Lillard story". Like any healthcare profession, chiropractic consists of a philosophy, science and art. And in fact, the philosophy leads the science and art. So let's break some of this down. Philosophy Of Chiropractic (And Why Medicine Isn't Really "Healthcare") I have always subscribed to Ayn Rand's assertion that when you have contradictions in your basic philosophical premises, the only possible result is destruction. The amount of destruction is relative to the level of the contradiction. We are in the midst of what is described as an unprecedented healthcare crisis. In the United States we spend over $3 trillion per year on what we call healthcare, yet we are getting sicker, using more drugs, and some predict that the current generation is the first generation that will have a lifespan less than that of their parents. I assert that the biggest contradiction in our culture today is calling medicine "healthcare". The practice of medicine is not healthcare, it is sick-care, and when you take sick-care and give it to a culture as healthcare, you end up with a sick society. And no matter how much money you spend, you will never solve the problem. In contrast, what are some of the foundational premises chiropractic is based upon? A living body is a self-healing, self-regulating organism. Cut your hand, it heals. Right now, your heart is functioning, kidneys, liver, digestion, etc. All this happens without you taking anything or thinking about it. It is an innate/inborn process. The nervous system is the master system and controller of your body coordinating and controlling all the functions of the body. This is universally understood although there could be debate over some of the nuances and details. But let's stay big picture for now. Based on numbers 1 and 2 above, it stands to reason that if you interfere with nervous system function, you necessarily interfere with the ability for the body to heal and regulate. Stress in 3 dimensions, physical (how you use your body), biochemical (what you put into your body) and psychological (the mind/body connection), beyond what your nervous system can adapt to and dissipate, leads to patterns of vertebral subluxation (more on this in a minute) which diminishes the ability for the nervous system to function, thereby resulting in a state of declining health. Are Vertebral Subluxations For Real? Critics of the chiropractic profession try to assert that there is no evidence of this phenomenon referred to as vertebral subluxation. The term subluxation describes a bone that is moved out of place, but is not dislocated. So, a vertebral subluxation, in the chiropractic culture, refers to spinal segments that due to stress are misaligned causing interference of nervous system function and reducing the body's ability to heal and regulate. The goal of chiropractic is to identify these vertebral subluxations and apply adjustments to the spine for the purpose of restoring alignment and improved nervous system function. To be clear, technically speaking there is much more to this. However, for the purposes of this paper which is to be read by the general public, I offer a simplified explanation. I have heard 'skeptics' erroneously say that "there is no evidence that vertebral subluxation exists". This is absurd. Personally, I have co-developed technology which I hold patents on and has been registered with the FDA for the purposes of helping to characterize the structural and neurological components of vertebral subluxation. It is being utilized by thousands of chiropractors throughout the world. Further, myself and others have authored and co-authored numerous articles in peer-reviewed, indexed journals outlining operational definitions of vertebral subluxation. The Association of Chiropractic Colleges unanimously adopted a position paper with reference to much of this that can be accessed here. Some may attempt to disagree with the conclusions relative to all this, but only a fool would assert that "there is no evidence". Below is a graphic that helps one understand the healthcare continuum in the chiropractic paradigm: Many falsely accuse chiropractors of making claims about 'curing' diseases like cancer or diabetes. Let's be clear... chiropractic is not the treatment of any limited number of diseases. Through the correction of subluxation, the body's own recuperative powers are unleashed resulting in the ability for the body to increase the potential to heal, regardless of disease. There are numerous randomized controlled clinical trials published in peer-reviewed research journals demonstrating that subjects with a wide range of conditions respond positively to chiropractic care. As a partial list, these conditions include ulcers, headaches, infantile colic, dysmenorrhea, visual impairment, high blood pressure, middle ear infections and a host of others. What is important to understand is that there is not a headache adjustment versus a high blood pressure adjustment versus and infantile colic adjustment. There is just the adjustment of subluxation which gives the body the best opportunity to heal. It is of course true that many patients, especially those who have failed in the medical system, have sought chiropractic care in hopes of relief from a particular set of symptoms or conditions. And many times they attain the desired outcome. But unlike medicine, who has a different drug or intervention depending on the condition they are treating, chiropractic aspires to harness the innate healing power of the body regardless of condition. In my practice I had seen a good number of patients with debilitating and sometimes terminal conditions. Some completely recovered. Some didn't. All had a better quality of life as a result of the care. Right now the skeptics are saying, "this is unproven, unscientific, even unethical! All doctors must practice evidence based care!" This debate, which I have been in for many years boils down to one critical question: what will you accept as evidence? And this is a philosophical question that stems from the second branch of philosophy, epistemology - the theory of knowledge. Many try to contend that the gold-standard of evidence is the RCT (or randomized controlled clinical trial). And although this certainly is a part of a composite for evidence, it has some very well documented shortcomings. This is how, for example, a drug like Vioxx can go through RCTs, get approved by the FDA, and then have as many as 60,000 people die as a result of adverse reactions (according to David Graham, M.D. of the FDA). Further, an article published in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) cited that over 100,000 people per year die from adverse drug reactions when the drugs are 'properly prescribed'...meaning that this doesn't include negligence. All these drugs were cleared by the FDA after submitting RCTs for safety and efficacy. In the meantime, many decry the "risk" of chiropractic due to this perceived lack of evidence and proper testing. This is on its face ridiculous. Two things (and again, this isn't about medical bashing, I wouldn't want to live in a culture where medical care wasn't available - it is about getting the facts and comparisons straight): Medical errors are the 3rd leading cause of death in the United States ahead of stoke, diabetes and many other conditions. All the details are here. The real measurement of risk is malpractice rates. The actuaries don't care about politics or opinions. They simply run data. Chiropractic malpractice rates are incredibly low because the risk of a law suit is incredibly low. Rates for the highest coverage available are typically under $2000 per year. Contrast that to medical rates for varying specialties that can be 10 to 100 times that amount. It is indisputable that chiropractic is a much safer form of care than medicine. In my view, there are four major forms of evidence to substantiate efficacy of care. None by themselves are adequate. They must be taken in concert. They are: Deduction: Using one's knowledge of anatomy, physiology, biology, etc. and applying logic to draw conclusions. Induction: In health research applications, this is the randomized, controlled clinical trial. Outcome Assessment: Measuring parameters on individual patients longitudinally as they receive care. I spent much of my career in this area. Case Research: This is taking actual patients being cared for by actual doctors in the real world. These cases are written up in detail, go through peer-review and are published. By looking at these four as variables in the evidence equation, chiropractic stands very proud and strong in the realm of evidence. I think it is important to point out that chiropractic, based on its philosophy and understanding the deeper principles of life and nature, has taken controversial positions throughout the decades. For example, chiropractors quite some time ago raised concerns about the widespread indiscriminate use of antibiotics. Logic being that human-beings aren't the only organisms on the planet that adapt. Microbes do to, and they do it faster. So if you are constantly killing off microbes, it is the weaker ones that die, leaving the stronger ones to evolve. In the meantime, our human immune systems get weaker as we don't have the opportunity to strengthen immunity naturally. We find ourselves today in a full-blown crisis as we have now have created antibiotic resistant 'super-bugs'. The World Health Organization and the CDC anticipate that if nothing is done, by the year 2050, the yearly deaths due to antimicrobial resistance worldwide will be about 10 million and have a global cost of $70 trillion! With a little logic and humility (we can't arrogantly think that we can just wipe out all disease-causing microbes without consequence), we wouldn't have this mess. The Art of Chiropractic & Why Some Chiros Are Different Than Others Chiropractors vary in their modes of practice. Some choose to limit their practice to back and neck pain only. Some not only adjust and correct spines, but they also get into general lifestyle wellness protocols. Others specialize in particular health challenges as they have special expertise there. All this does create brand confusion for sure. There is not one definitive mode of service practiced in the marketplace. However, I think this is true of many allied health professions and the diversity breeds choice. The art of chiropractic rests in the delivery of the chiropractic adjustment. And there are many 'techniques' practiced by doctors of chiropractic. Some focus in specific areas of the spine. Some use very low force. Some use instruments. Here's what I know. They all work. For sure, some patients prefer or respond better to technique approaches. But there are many effective chiropractic technique approaches that help people. The key is finding the one that best suits you. There is no doubt that there are some bad actors out there in chiropractic. But of course, the same must be said for medicine, law, tax accounting and any other professional service. An expression about babies and bathwater comes to mind when considering this. Summary In summary, the chiropractic profession offers a very unique and powerful service to humanity. People benefit most when pro-actively engaging in chiropractic care to upgrade their health expression as compared to waiting till there is a problem and then trying to deal with it. Chiropractic truly shines in this area. Unfortunately, there are still many ignorant voices out there spewing nonsense and dissuading people from seeing chiropractors. But fortunately, there is less of them every day while more people of influence become public about their incredible experiences with chiropractic care. As a cardiologist once said to a patient of mine, "chiropractors must be doing a lot of good out there, otherwise how could they have possibly lasted this long?". Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Jason, Patrick or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
55:17 8/8/2017
There is one emotion, above all, that elicits a release of the powerful feel-good hormone oxytocin, along with serotonin and dopamine. And promotes better sleep. And lower blood pressure. And decreased inflammation. And fewer aches and pains. Better relationships. Increased longevity. The list goes on and on. That emotion is gratitude. And my guest on today's podcast specialized in teaching gratitude, gratitude implementation and daily gratitude practice strategies and tactics to teachers, educators and children. His name is Owen Griffith, and he is a university level Student Mentor who supports and guides future teachers. Owen taught as an elementary educator for over a decade. Owen's first book, Gratitude: A Way Of Teaching, was published by Rowman & Littlefield and was a Top Ten Best Seller in April, 2016. This valuable book gives educators solution-based methods and research-based resources to improve classroom culture, as well as enabling schools to elevate students' engagement and academic achievement. Grounded in scientific research, it delves into numerous integral aspects of gratitude as it relates to education. It features success stories and step-by-step instructions to successfully implement gratitude in schools. You will discover how to combat materialism and entitlement with gratitude and altruism, how to help teenagers utilize gratitude successfully, as well as encouraging the entire families of our students to embrace gratitude and make it a permanent part of their lives. He is a regular contributor to Huffington Post and his work has appeared on Edutopia and U. C. Berkeley's Greater Good Science Center's online magazine. He earned a Master's Degree from Kennesaw State University in Educational Leadership. He is available for consulting, speaking engagements and to lead professional development in a variety of areas. He resides with his wife and son in North Georgia. During our discussion, you'll discover: -The important difference between having an attitude of gratitude and positive thinking...[8:00] -The surprising physical and physiological benefits of gratitude, including the idea of neuroplasticity, cardiac medicine and much more...[13:10 & 19:25] -The best way to pull yourself or your kids out of the vicious cycle of materialism...[24:40] -How gratitude can be used to decrease technology and smartphone addiction...[31:05] -Why Owen says that "gratitude works like a muscle", and how your brain actually changes and becomes rewired as you practice gratitude...[35:30] -The fascinating link between mindfulness, silence and gratitude...[43:00] -The best way to establish a daily gratitude practice for children vs. teens vs. adults...[49:10 & 53:50] -Owen's favorite resources, books and podcasts for learning more about gratefulness...[60:20] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -Gratitude: A Way Of Teaching -Dr. Jeffrey Froh -Greater Good website at Berkeley -Owen's Huffington Post Database on Gratitude -The Christian Gratitude Journal Ben designed Show Sponsors: -Organifi - Go to Discount code BEN for 20% off your order! -Onnit - Get 10% off ANYTHING, from functional foods to supplements and beyond, at -Kimera Koffee - Go to and use code 'BEN' to get 10% off! Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Owen or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
01:06:09 8/5/2017 JJ Virgin is one intimidating, yet amazing, woman. Seriously. I've had a chance to hang with JJ on numerous occasions over the past several years, and, at over 6 feet tall, strikingly beautiful, fit, muscular and with a sharp, keen intelligence and wit, she's one of those women who probably would have been a queen or, perhaps, an Amazonian warrior were she born at some other time in history. But, in fact, JJ is actually a celebrity nutrition and fitness expert and author of 4 New York Times bestselling books: The Virgin Diet, The Virgin Diet Cookbook, JJ Virgin's Sugar Impact Diet, and JJ Virgin's Sugar Impact Diet Cookbook. But her recent memoir, Miracle Mindset: A Mother, Her Son, and Life's Hardest Lessons, in which she explores the powerful lessons in strength and positivity that she learned after her son Grant was the victim of a brutal hit-and-run accident, is perhaps the most meaningful and life-changing of all her titles. One of my biggest takeaways from the book was the enormous number of frustrations that JJ encountered while attempting to navigate the modern medical system, and to keep her son from dying, not recovering properly, or being seriously harmed by modern medicine, along with her extreme willingness and stubbornness in incorporating every aspect of alternative health and natural medicine into a modern hospital setting...with shocking results. If you want to be fully equipped to deal with any trauma that might land you in a modern hospital industry or having to deal with close-minded physicians and caretakers, this podcast is a must-listen for you. During our discussion, you'll discover: -The shocking story of the hit-and-run with Grant...[8:50] -The biggest frustrations JJ ran into at the hospital, and with Grant's physicians and nurses...[19:05] -How JJ got 10-20 grams of fish oil each day into Grant...[25:10] -What JJ did with essential oils...[29:20] -Why JJ would rub progesterone cream into Grant over and over again during his recovery...[31:20] -The superpowered smoothies JJ gave to Grant when his feeding tubes came out...[45:00] -How JJ used stem cell harvesting and stem cell IV's in Grant's therapy...[51:20] -The advanced biohack therapies JJ has used in combination with physical therapy, from ping pong to earthing, grounding, gardening, neurofeedback and more...[59:20] -For people who wind up being in the modern medical system having to deal with the trauma, where you can find the biggest pieces of advice from JJ...[64:55] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -Miracle Mindset: A Mother, Her Son, and Life's Hardest Lessons -When Brains Collide: What Every Athlete and Parent Should Know About the Prevention and Treatment of Concussions and Head Injuries -The Biology of Belief -Lavender essential oils -My podcast interview with Dr. Kirk Parsley -The NatureCBD blend Ben uses every day -Stem Cell Revolution -Neurofeedback Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for JJ or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
01:10:45 8/1/2017 In the podcast episode WHOOP: The Performance Enhancing Wearable That Tells You When To Sleep, How To Exercise, Your Strain Levels & More!, I introduce you to Will Ahmed, CEO of WHOOP, the first scientifically-grounded, self-quantification system worn by a growing number of professional and recreational athlete. Will launched WHOOP out of the Harvard Innovation Lab with his co-founders John & Aurelian, when as captain of the Harvard Men's Varsity Squash team, he became deeply interested in how strain, recovery and sleep affected an athlete's performance. WHOOP is currently used by Olympians, military, the world's top trainers, and teams across all major U.S. professional and collegiate sports leagues. Since that podcast, Will has filled me in on how Crossfit athletes have been getting a ton of value out of the WHOOP, and introduced me to Mekenzie Riley, a Registered Dietitian Nutritionist by trade who has her license through the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, as well as both a Bachelors and Master's degree in dietetics from Eastern Illinois University. In 2016, she went to the Crossfit Games on Team OC3 Black, taking 5th place overall. Now in 2017, she been competing as an individual and finished third in the Atlantic Regional, punching her ticket to the 2017 Crossfit Games in Madison, WI. Will also introduced me to Seth Page, Owner and Co-Founder of Misfit Athletics (where Mekenzie trains). Misfit works with athletes of mixed modalities to prepare them to compete at the highest level in the sport of CrossFit. Seth started out in the more traditional field of fitness training in 2006 before transitioning to CrossFit in 2008, and began coaching athletes locally in 2009 as the sport began to gain traction. Since then, Seth and Misfit have worked with countless CrossFit Regionals and Games qualifiers. Seth's current focus includes experimenting with and refining programming for competitive athletes, all while training for his first Ironman race. In today's podcast, I have Will, Seth and Mekenzie all on the show together to talk all things WHOOP and self-quantification for Crossfit, Ironman and beyond, including: -Mekenzie's training protocol and qualifying strategy for the 2017 CrossFit Games...[14:30] -How Seth tracks eight different athletes each day and which parameters he looks at to make training decisions "on the fly"...[16:40 & 19:45] -How Seth differentiates between mental vs. physical fatigue...[26:30] -How Seth is using Crossfit to train for Ironman triathlon...[29:20] -Whether you need to be concerned about Bluetooth radiation or LED light signals from the WHOOP...[45:50 & 47:40] -Mekenzie's approach when it comes to Seth's diet, and why she has transitioned him from "carb backloading" to a more traditional diet for endurance athletes...[51:00] -How Seth and Mekenzie are using WHOOP to customize nutrition data...[60:00] -And much more! Resources from this episode: -WHOOP (use code GREENFIELD for $50 off at checkout) -Podcast: WHOOP: The Performance Enhancing Wearable That Tells You When To Sleep, How To Exercise, Your Strain Levels & More! -Article: The World On Your Wrist: How To Track Your Daily Strain, Recovery, Sleep & More (A Nerded Out Review Of The New WHOOP Wearable.) Show Sponsors: -biOptimizers - Crank your muscle gains to new heights by flooding your muscles with maximal amino acids without increasing your protein intake by a single gram. Go to to automatically get 10% off your order. -Onnit - Get 10% off ANYTHING, from functional foods to supplements and beyond, at -Organifi - Go to Discount code BEN for 20% off your order! -Quip - Quip is an electric toothbrush that packs premium vibration and timer features into an ultra slim design, that's half the cost of bulkier brushes. Go to to get your first refill pack free with a Quip electric toothbrush. Do you have questions, thoughts or feedback for Will, Sam, Mekenzie or me? Leave your comments at and one of us will reply!
01:10:01 7/29/2017

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